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Evolutionary dynamics in mutualisms: reciprocal selection and cascading effects across communities

Grant number: 16/20739-9
Support type:Scholarships abroad - Research
Effective date (Start): January 01, 2017
Effective date (End): February 07, 2017
Field of knowledge:Biological Sciences - Ecology
Principal Investigator:Paulo Roberto Guimarães Junior
Grantee:Paulo Roberto Guimarães Junior
Host: John N. Thompson
Home Institution: Instituto de Biociências (IB). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). São Paulo , SP, Brazil
Local de pesquisa : University of California, Santa Cruz (UC Santa Cruz), United States  


Mutualisms are ecological interactions that affect ecological and evolutionary dynamics. The theoretical implications of mutualisms to evolutionary dynamics are often studied through the use of mathematical models in which pairs of species coevolve. However, at community level, mutualisms often form networks of interacting species. Thus, indirect effects may cascade across these interaction networks and affect the evolutionary dynamics in unexpected ways. We are just beginning to understand on how cascading effects may affect evolutionary dynamics in mutualisms by using mathematical models that use the network structure of mutualisms. In this study, we will explore how indirect effects may affect two fundamental aspects of coevolutionary dynamics. First, indirect effects may generate reciprocal selective effects among species that does not interact. Second, indirect effects may connect the coevolutionary dynamics of two localities through cascading effects. We will explore the patterns of reciprocal selection and the cascading effects in discrete-time coevolutionary models for mutualistic networks. We will parameterize these coevolutionary models with empirical data of mutualistic interactions. In a broader context, we expect to contribute to the emergence of a theory that integrates ecological interactions, coevolutionary dynamics, and spatial variation in species composition.

Matéria(s) publicada(s) na Agência FAPESP sobre a bolsa:
Indirect interactions may be more significant for species evolution 

Scientific publications
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
BRAGA, MARIANA P.; GUIMARAES, JR., PAULO R.; WHEAT, CHRISTOPHER W.; NYLIN, SOREN; JANZ, NIKLAS. Unifying host-associated diversification processes using butterfly-plant networks. NATURE COMMUNICATIONS, v. 9, DEC 4 2018. Web of Science Citations: 2.
MEDEIROS, LUCAS P.; GARCIA, GUILHERME; THOMPSON, JOHN N.; GUIMARAES, JR., PAULO R. The geographic mosaic of coevolution in mutualistic networks. PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, v. 115, n. 47, p. 12017-12022, NOV 20 2018. Web of Science Citations: 2.
GUIMARAES, JR., PAULO R. .; PIRES, MATHIAS M.; JORDANO, PEDRO; BASCOMPTE, JORDI; THOMPSON, JOHN N. Indirect effects drive coevolution in mutualistic networks. Nature, v. 550, n. 7677, p. 511+, OCT 26 2017. Web of Science Citations: 42.

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