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Changes in communities of methanogenic archaea communities due to changes in the land use in Amazonia

Grant number: 16/18745-0
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Master
Effective date (Start): April 01, 2017
Effective date (End): January 31, 2018
Field of knowledge:Biological Sciences - Microbiology - Applied Microbiology
Cooperation agreement: Coordination of Improvement of Higher Education Personnel (CAPES)
Principal researcher:Fernando Dini Andreote
Grantee:Kelly Jaqueline Alves
Home Institution: Escola Superior de Agricultura Luiz de Queiroz (ESALQ). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Piracicaba , SP, Brazil
Associated research grant:14/50320-4 - Dimensions US-BIOTA - São Paulo: collaborative research: integrating dimensions of microbial biodiversity across land use change in tropical forests, AP.BTA.TEM

Abstract

The forests of the Amazon Basin constitute the largest rainforest in the world, harboring an endemic biodiversity. However, population growth in the region hasdriven in the last decades a conversion of these areas in pastures and crops. The change in the land use leads to losses of biodiversity and disturbance processes related to carbon stock, hydrological and biogeochemical cycle. This conversion is considered the second activity that contributes most to the emission of greenhouse gases, among which is the methane. Therefore, to understand the alterations in the emission of this gas in the Amazon ecosystem, it is necessary to study microbial communities involved in the production and consumption of methane. Methane production is mediated by methanogenic archaea, acting in anaerobic decomposition of organic matter. Thisfeature is phylogenetically conserved, what makes it more responsive to human activities. Thus, this study aims to monitor methanogenic archaea communities both bycultivation or analysis based on population enrichment, using soil samples from primary forest, secondary forest and pasture in the Amazon region. It is expected to determine how changes in land use can alter the composition of these communities, their ecological and physiological characteristics. (AU)

Academic Publications
(References retrieved automatically from State of São Paulo Research Institutions)
ALVES, Kelly Jaqueline. Communities of methanogenic archaeas in different uses of Amazonian soils. 2018. Master's Dissertation - Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Escola Superior de Agricultura Luiz de Queiroz Piracicaba.

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