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A study of the self-gravitating planetesimal disk on Nice Model and the dynamical formation of the Kuiper Belt

Grant number: 17/09919-8
Support Opportunities:Scholarships abroad - Research Internship - Doctorate
Effective date (Start): September 01, 2017
Effective date (End): August 31, 2018
Field of knowledge:Physical Sciences and Mathematics - Astronomy - Solar System Astronomy
Principal Investigator:Ernesto Vieira Neto
Grantee:Rafael Ribeiro de Sousa
Supervisor: Alessandro Morbidelli
Host Institution: Faculdade de Engenharia (FEG). Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP). Campus de Guaratinguetá. Guaratinguetá , SP, Brazil
Research place: Observatoire de la Côte d'Azur (OCA), France  
Associated to the scholarship:15/15588-9 - The stability of the solar system dynamical evolution via Nice Model, BP.DR


For three centuries astronomers and mathematicians have studied the problem of the formation and evolution of the Solar System. One way to study the formation of the Solar System is throughnumerical simulations. The Nice model is a scientific model to describe the dynamical evolution of the Solar System by simulation of the interaction of the gravitational N-body problem. The Nice model explains some observational constraints of the current Solar System like the keplerian elements of the giants planets, the capture of the satellites and trojans of Jupiter and Neptune, the secular evolution of the terrestrial planets and the evolution of the main asteroid belt. However, two important features are still in open debate: the time of instability and the formation of the Kuiper Belt.In addition, the simulations of the Nice model conducted so far account only for the gravitational interactions among the planets and between planets and planetesimals,but they do not account for the gravitational interactions among the planetesimals, i.e the self-gravity of the disk. The proposal of this project is to include the self-gravitating planetesimal disk alongside with the dynamical phases described by the Nice Model to study its implications on the time of instability and the dynamical formation of the Kuiper Belt.

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Scientific publications
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
RIBEIRO, RAFAEL DE SOUSA; MORBIDELLI, ALESSANDRO; RAYMOND, SEAN N.; IZIDORO, ANDRE; GOMES, RODNEY; VIEIRA NETO, ERNESTO. Dynamical evidence for an early giant planet instability. ICARUS, v. 339, . (16/24561-0, 15/15588-9, 16/19556-7, 17/09919-8, 16/12686-2)
DE SOUSA, RAFAEL RIBEIRO; GOMES, RODNEY; MORBIDELLI, ALESSANDRO; NETO, ERNESTO VIEIRA. Dynamical effects on the classical Kuiper belt during the excited-Neptune model. ICARUS, v. 334, p. 89-98, . (15/15588-9, 17/09919-8)

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