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Investigation of mTOR regulated metabolic processes ín podocytes

Grant number: 17/06222-6
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctorate
Effective date (Start): August 01, 2017
Effective date (End): July 31, 2019
Field of knowledge:Health Sciences - Medicine
Principal Investigator:Niels Olsen Saraiva Câmara
Grantee:Raphael Jose Ferreira Felizardo
Home Institution: Instituto de Ciências Biomédicas (ICB). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). São Paulo , SP, Brazil

Abstract

Diabetic nephropathy (DN) is one the main causes of kidney chronic disease that leads the patients to the end stage renal disease. One of the hallmark of DN is the damage to the glomerular filtration barrier (GFB) which triggers proteinuria. The damages to GFB are linked to loss and deregulation of podocytes, the main component involved on the selectivity and glomerular homeostasis. Podocytes exposed to high glucose levels, as found during DN, change its metabolic state and the way to obtain energy. The maintenance of cell functions demands high energy production while bioenergy changes trigger signaling pathways that drive important cellular processes. The literature describes that alteration on ATP and AMP generation modulates, through AMPK, the levels of mTOR activity. The mTOR complexes are kinases associated to a wide range of biologic processes, among them the protein synthesis and podocyte homeostasis. However, the events that link mTOR activation depending energy variation and protein synthesis to keep podocyte homeostasis are not well understood. In this project we intend to study the hypothesis that the energy regulation system, through mTOR/AMPK, is associated to protein synthesis regulation which is important to podocyte and GFB function. To do that, we will isolate podocytes from Raptor/Rictor/AMPK-deficient mice and will analyze the role of these proteins on podocyte bioenergy variation as well as cytoskeleton organization when exposed to high glucose levels. We hope that the results evidence somehow the involvement of mTORC1 and mTORC2 on the regulation of metabolic variation and the maintenance of podocyte architecture on DN.

Scientific publications
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
FELIZARDO, R. J. F.; WATANABE, I. K. M.; DARDI, PATRIZIA; ROSSONI, L. V.; CAMARA, N. O. S. The interplay among gut microbiota, hypertension and kidney diseases: The role of short-chain fatty acids. PHARMACOLOGICAL RESEARCH, v. 141, p. 366-377, MAR 2019. Web of Science Citations: 4.

Please report errors in scientific publications list by writing to: cdi@fapesp.br.