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Psychic transmission of transitional experiences in three generations of families of obese children

Grant number: 17/06497-5
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Master
Effective date (Start): October 01, 2017
Effective date (End): March 31, 2019
Field of knowledge:Humanities - Psychology
Principal researcher:Valéria Barbieri
Grantee:Carolina Rizzatto Martins Padilha
Home Institution: Faculdade de Filosofia, Ciências e Letras de Ribeirão Preto (FFCLRP). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Ribeirão Preto , SP, Brazil

Abstract

Obesity can be considered a complex, chronic and multifactorial disease, defined by excess fat in adipose tissues. The literature emphasizes the idea of family as a food model and genetic inheritance to the detriment of the familiar psychodynamic aspects involved in the picture. The fundamental factor underlying the association between childhood obesity and familial psychodynamics would be the difficulty of creative living, the capacity for transitional experiences and, consequently, the process of symbolization. Commitment to the primordial relationships established by the obese child with their parenting figures would be responsible for these difficulties. Transitional experiences would be helpful in understanding the way in which the obese child processes efforts to overcome narcissism in order to become a cultural being, as well as the obstacles that arise in this course, given that the literature points out that the difficulties experienced by children In the context of these experiences they would be anchored in the difficulties of the own parents regarding the conquest of this symbolic capacity. Therefore, understanding the psychodynamics of the obese child should consider the organization and psychodynamics of the family, involving several generations. The objective of this study will be to investigate the process of psychic transmission of the difficulties of the transitional experiences in three generations of two families whose younger generation is composed of at least one obese child and the impact of this transmission in the promotion and maintenance of childhood obesity. The present study will have a clinical-qualitative approach and will adopt the psychoanalytic methodological theoretical framework. Fourteen participants will compose the sample, coming from two different family nuclei. Each family nucleus will consist of seven participants, including: obese child, both parents and grandparents paternal and maternal. The children will be female between 8 and 10 years old and will be selected in a specialized service and based on the inclusion and exclusion criteria established. The instruments that will be used are a semi-structured interview script and the Drawings-Story Procedure (D-E). Two individual meetings will be held with each member. The collection will occur face-to-face and in a reserved environment. After the data collection, the data will be analyzed qualitatively, from a dynamic evaluation and free inspection of the material. An individual psychodiagnostic synthesis will be performed for each of the participants and later a synthesis of the family group for the maternal and paternal lineages, connecting the different generations of the same lineage and concluding the synthesis of each family nucleus. A comparative synthesis between the two family nuclei will be made at the end. The project will be submitted to the Ethics Committee (CEP-FFCLRP-USP) and authorization from the co-participating institution will be requested. The collection and analysis of the data will be carried out respecting the ethical care and after signing the Term of Free Consent (TCLE). For children, the TCLE must be signed by parents or legal guardians, but their consent will also be requested. At the end, all will receive a return of the activities performed. (AU)

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Academic Publications
(References retrieved automatically from State of São Paulo Research Institutions)
PADILHA, Carolina Rizzatto Martins. Psychic transmission of transitional experiences in three generations of families of obese children. 2019. Master's Dissertation - Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Faculdade de Filosofia, Ciências e Letras de Ribeirão Preto (PCARP/BC) Ribeirão Preto.

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