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Bilingualism: classification of mistakes in the rapid automatized naming task

Grant number: 17/20005-8
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Scientific Initiation
Effective date (Start): December 01, 2017
Effective date (End): November 30, 2018
Field of knowledge:Health Sciences - Speech Therapy
Principal Investigator:Clara Regina Brandão de Avila
Grantee:Esther Simonato dos Santos
Home Institution: Escola Paulista de Medicina (EPM). Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP). Campus São Paulo. São Paulo , SP, Brazil

Abstract

Bilingualism is an important tool for human communication. Reaserches show that bilingual individuals demonstrate advantage in executive control, despite of difficulties in lexical access. The Rapid Naming task is used to measure the lexical access speed and a great number of studies suggest that the ability of rapid naming is related to reading performance. This study proposes to describe and classify the mistakes in a rapid naming task performed by healthy Brazilian bilingual (Portuguese-English) and monolingual schoolchildren, between the ages of 7 and 9. We will analyse the performance of 60 bilingual children and 60 monolingual children in the Rapid Naming task and categorize and describe their mistakes. Our objective is to understand whether bilingualism may interfere, and how, in the processing of phonological information related to automatic lexical access, associating this process to naming and reading ability. (AU)