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Racial Segregation in Brazilian Metropolises

Grant number: 17/24458-7
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctorate
Effective date (Start): April 01, 2018
Effective date (End): March 31, 2021
Field of knowledge:Applied Social Sciences - Demography - Spatial Distribution
Principal researcher:Jose Marcos Pinto da Cunha
Grantee:Danilo Sales Do Nascimento França
Home Institution: Núcleo de Estudos da População (NEPO). Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP). Campinas , SP, Brazil

Abstract

This project proposes the development of research on racial inequalities and segregation between blacks and whites in the metropolitan regions of Campinas, Curitiba, Fortaleza and Salvador, comparing them with analyzes already carried out in the metropolitan region of São Paulo. We aim to formulate broader interpretations on the importance of urban space for the reproduction of racial inequalities and hierarchies, for the establishment of barriers between blacks and whites and for the formation of racially distinct experiences in Brazilian cities. An extensive quantitative research will be performed in the four metropolises in order to: describe the profile of racial inequalities and the conditions for insertion of blacks in the local middle and upper classes; and delineate the contours of segregation by race through indicators of residential segregation and the mapping of areas of concentration of blacks and whites belonging to different social classes. Then, with the application of qualitative methods of interviews and the collection of personal networks, we will explore the importance of segregation for the opportunities, practices and social relations of blacks and whites in two metropolises chosen through the quantitative analysis. Thus, we can investigate how race and place of residence contribute to shaping: (a) integration between blacks and whites, through their personal networks; and (b) the possibilities of access to the city and its resources and opportunities, through paths, commuting and places frequented. The questions in our horizon are about the significance of racial segregation in the Brazilian context.

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