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Evaluation of the symbolism of playing in siblings of children with autism spectrum disorder: a follow-up study

Grant number: 18/03306-7
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Master
Effective date (Start): August 01, 2018
Effective date (End): March 31, 2020
Field of knowledge:Humanities - Psychology
Cooperation agreement: Coordination of Improvement of Higher Education Personnel (CAPES)
Principal Investigator:Rogerio Lerner
Grantee:Anna Victória Pandjarjian Mekhitarian
Home Institution: Instituto de Psicologia (IP). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). São Paulo , SP, Brazil

Abstract

Occurrences that focus on the baby are of central importance in the building of his mind. According to some authors (Roussillon, 2008, Esteve et al., 2012 and Zornig, 2015), the bases of the symbolization process are constituted within the primary dyadic bond, so that parental factors and early childhood care conditions can facilitate or hamper the processes of symbolization. The aim of this research project is to evaluate if there is an association between difficulties expressed in early childhood and a reduction of the complexity of the symbolization of the child at 5 years (60 months).Children with a high risk of developmental problems (HRG), due to having siblings with autism, and children with low risk of developmental problems (LRG), previously evaluated between 2 and 26 months (with the support of FAPESP research nº 2013/25332-6 and several scholarships, including FAPESP post-doc 2013/03676-5), will now be filmed in playful interaction with their mothers. These interactions will be evaluated blindly and classified according to the categories of symbolic manifestation through the play proposed by Duhalde et al (2016).It is expected that; 1. LRG presents greater complexity of symbolization than HRG; 2. In both groups the complexity of the symbolization of the child is moderated by the maternal reflexive function. The results will be submitted to statistical studies of association, correlation, logistic regression and ranking, considering the several variables under study. (AU)