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Microclimatic study of Trianon park and its surrounding, in the City of São Paulo - SP

Grant number: 18/10250-8
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Scientific Initiation
Effective date (Start): August 01, 2018
Effective date (End): June 30, 2020
Field of knowledge:Physical Sciences and Mathematics - Geosciences - Physical Geography
Principal Investigator:Emerson Galvani
Grantee:Giovanna Guilhem de Araujo
Home Institution: Faculdade de Filosofia, Letras e Ciências Humanas (FFLCH). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). São Paulo , SP, Brazil

Abstract

The way that the urban development occurred in São Paulo has brought a lot of issues that directly interfere on the urban climate, here considered as an integrated analysis of the climatic conditions and land use. The existence of a specifically urban climate relates to a lot of problems regarding people's quality of life, moreover, affecting public and environmental health. Considering the complexity that the urban space can have, the microclimatic study is more indicated when the aim is to identify the climate on the individual level, such as in neighborhoods, streets or parks. Considering parks and green areas, it is relevant to analyze them since they express contradictory characteristics to urban sites. In Brazil (BARROS, 2010; REIS, 2014) and in the world (UPMANIS et al, 1998), studies have already found lower temperatures ranging from 3,0° to 5,9°C in areas of urban parks compared to the surrounding built areas. However, there is a lack of studies that show the impact of small green areas on highly dense built areas. The Trianon Park is located in one of the biggests comercial centers of Brazil and is limited to only one block of the iconic metropolitan Paulista Avenue, the perfect representation of the urbanization process (SHIBAKI et al, 2007). In this way, the objective of this project is to analyze the park's microclimate through temperature and relative humidity data, collected with two DataLoggers and a psychrometer in the preceding and occurring days of summer and winter solstices and autumn and spring equinoxes. With subsequent analysis of the land use and the values obtained in an official weather station, it will be possible to conclude if there is positive impact of the park in the local microclimate. (AU)