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Comparison of perception to speed road signs by young and elder drivers with eye tracking system

Grant number: 18/12547-8
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Scientific Initiation
Effective date (Start): October 01, 2018
Effective date (End): September 30, 2019
Field of knowledge:Engineering - Transportation Engineering
Principal researcher:Ana Paula Camargo Larocca
Grantee:José Ricardo Gabriel Kuniyoshi
Home Institution: Escola de Engenharia de São Carlos (EESC). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). São Carlos , SP, Brazil

Abstract

Nowadays, driving simulators are an useful tool for study and analysis of the geometric design and vertical signalling of roads, as well as of the driver’s behaviour in situations of interest. One of the advantages of this tool is reproducing real and critical situations - e.g. overtaking, abrupt weather change - in a cheaper and safer way. Furthermore, it permits the simulation of events that are rare and hardly reproductible in field experiments. In this project, a driving simulator coupled to an eye track system (SmartEye) will be used to compare the levels of attention and perception to speed signs by young, middle-aged and elderly drivers. For this purpose, we will study a 5-kilometer stretch of the highway Régis Bittencourt, reconstructed in the simulator installed in the Information Technology Section (ITS) of São Carlos School of Engineering of the University of São Paulo. Volunteer drivers of three age cohorts (18-29 years, 30-59 years, >60 years) will drive for this stretch. The results returned by the eye tracking system will possibilitate the analysis of how different age cohorts perceive speed signs. This way, it will be possible to further understand the relation between the driver’s attention to vertical signalling and his/her age.

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