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Detection of drug resistance markers in small cell lung carcinoma

Grant number: 17/20278-4
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctorate
Effective date (Start): December 01, 2018
Effective date (End): June 23, 2019
Field of knowledge:Health Sciences - Medicine
Principal researcher:Emmanuel Dias-Neto
Grantee:Luíza Ferreira de Araújo
Home Institution: A C Camargo Cancer Center. Fundação Antonio Prudente (FAP). São Paulo , SP, Brazil
Associated research grant:14/50943-1 - INCT 2014: on Oncogenomics and Therapeutic Inovations, AP.TEM

Abstract

Despite the relative low incidence, when compared to other lung tumors, Small cell lung carcinoma (SCLC) is the most aggressive subtype, with high capacity of growth and dissemination. About 30% of patients diagnosed with SCLC do not respond to first line chemotherapy and relapse within 6 months. Mechanisms of tumor escape are still unknown, however they can involve: i) rapid evolution and selection of resistant cancer cells - with increased mutational capacity- in response to chemotherapeutics; and ii) mechanisms of immune escape/modulation. Genetic modifications in the primary tumor can be detected in the blood and other body fluids, allowing a non-invasive evaluation of these circulating components (liquid biopsy) and the analysis of the tumor genetic dynamics, which might reveal chemotherapy resistance mechanisms and can help identifying cancer progression markers. Studies have suggested that liquid biopsy elements carry predictive information of response and relapse that can be detected prior to the treatment initiation of SCLC patients. On the other hand, an even more valuable data can be generated integrating other biological aspects, such as inflammatory markers, systemic immune status, tumor-infiltrating immune cell profiles and pulmonary microbiome alterations. Altogether, this integrative approach can potentially identify drug resistance markers and better untangle chemoresistance mechanisms in SCLC. Based on that, this proposal aims to identify biological alterations that can be used as therapy resistance markers in patients diagnosed with SCLC, validate those markers in two independent cohorts and further evaluate these alterations during the entire therapeutic process, intending to integrate the information gathered with therapy response.

Scientific publications
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
DE AMORIM, MARIA GALLI; BRANCO, GABRIELA; VALIERIS, RENAN; TARCITANO, EMILIO; DA SILVA, ISRAEL TOJAL; DE ARAUJO, LUIZA FERREIRA; NUNES, DIANA NORONHA; DIAS-NETO, EMMANUEL. The impact of HER2 overexpression on the miRNA and circRNA transcriptomes in two breast cell lines and their vesicles. PHARMACOGENOMICS, v. 20, n. 7, p. 493-502, MAY 2019. Web of Science Citations: 0.

Please report errors in scientific publications list by writing to: cdi@fapesp.br.