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Kinect and thermodynamic studies for scandium recovery from Brazilian red mud using hydrometallurgical techniques

Grant number: 18/03483-6
Support Opportunities:Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate
Effective date (Start): January 01, 2019
Effective date (End): August 31, 2021
Field of knowledge:Engineering - Chemical Engineering
Principal Investigator:Jorge Alberto Soares Tenório
Grantee:Amilton Barbosa Botelho Junior
Host Institution: Escola Politécnica (EP). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). São Paulo , SP, Brazil
Associated scholarship(s):20/01083-0 - Scandium extraction using leaching-ion exchange process and the study of selective elution, BE.EP.DR

Abstract

In 2015, the amount of waste generated by the Bayer Process (red mud) has reached a mark of 4 billion tonnes worldwide, twice as much as at the beginning of the century. This increase was caused by the increase in the consumption of aluminum, whose most used raw material is the alumina obtained in the Bayer Process. Although its composition is mostly iron, aluminum and silica, metals such as titanium, zirconium and rare earth elements, such as scandium and yttrium, can also be found. The demand for these elements is increasing, whose main applications are electronic devices such as smartphones and smartTV televisions, and for green energy generation. However, processes that are economical and technically feasible are still being developed, and research and innovation in the field are crucial. From this, the present work aims at the recovery of scandium present in the Brazilian red mud residue by hydrometallurgical techniques. The first part of the work will focus on the characterization of the residue to determine the concentration of scandium and other metals in its composition, and the physical characterization. The next step will be the study of acid leaching from the variables temperature, reaction time, acid concentration and liquid/solid ratio. From the results obtained will be proposed a mathematical model for the leaching of scandium from the residue of Brazilian red mud. The third part of the work will be destined to the selective separation of metals by means of the solvent extraction technique studying variables such as temperature and pH. A continuous system will also be evaluated in order to simulate the entire industrial process for the study of technical and economic viability. (AU)

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Scientific publications (14)
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
BOTELHO JUNIOR, AMILTON BARBOSA; ESPINOSA, DENISE CROCCE ROMANO; TENORIO, JORGE ALBERTO SOARES. Characterization of Bauxite Residue from a Press Filter System: Comparative Study and Challenges for Scandium Extraction. MINING METALLURGY & EXPLORATION, v. 38, n. 1, SI, p. 161-176, . (18/11417-3, 18/03483-6)
BOTELHO JUNIOR, A. B.; ESPINOSA, D. C. R.; VAUGHAN, J.; TENORIO, J. A. S.. Recovery of scandium from various sources: A critical review of the state of the art and future prospects. MINERALS ENGINEERING, v. 172, . (18/03483-6, 18/11417-3)
DE AMORIM, LUIZ HENRIQUE MOURA; ALIPRANDINI, PAULA; BOTELHO JUNIOR, AMILTON BARBOSA; JIMENEZ CORREA, MONICA MARIA; ESPINOSA, DENISE CROCCE ROMANO. Effect of Impurities in the Recovery of Critical Metals: The Case of Nickel Laterite in the Solvent Extraction Process. JOURNAL OF SUSTAINABLE METALLURGY, v. 8, n. 1, p. 10-pg., . (18/03483-6, 18/11417-3, 19/11866-5)
BOTELHO, AMILTON BARBOSA JUNIOR; ESPINOSA, DENISE CROCCE ROMANO; TENORIO, JORGE ALBERTO SOARES. Selective separation of Sc(III) and Zr(IV) from the leaching of bauxite residue using trialkylphosphine acids, tertiary amine, tri-butyl phosphate and their mixtures. Separation and Purification Technology, v. 279, . (12/51871-9, 18/03483-6, 19/11866-5, 18/11417-3)
BOTELHO JUNIOR, AMILTON BARBOSA; ROMANO ESPINOSA, DENISE CROCCE; VAUGHAN, JAMES; SOARES TENORIO, JORGE ALBERTO. Extraction of Rare-Earth Elements from Silicate-Based Ore through Hydrometallurgical Route. METALS, v. 12, n. 7, p. 21-pg., . (18/03483-6, 19/11866-5, 18/11417-3, 12/51871-9)
SOPLIN PASTOR, MIGUEL ANTONIO; BOTELHO JUNIOR, AMILTON BARBOSA; SOARES TENORIO, JORGE ALBERTO; ROMANO ESPINOSA, DENISE CROCCE; GALLUZZI BALTAZAR, MARCELA DOS PASSOS. Use of O-3 and O-3/H2O2 for degradation of organic matter from Bayer liquor towards new resource management: Kinetic and mechanism. CANADIAN JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL ENGINEERING, v. N/A, p. 10-pg., . (18/03483-6, 18/11417-3, 19/11866-5, 12/51871-9)
BOTELHO JUNIOR, A. B.; ESPINOSA, D. C. R.; TENORIO, J. A. S.; TOMSETT, A. Mineralogical Assessment of the Solid Phase Obtained on Leaching of Brazilian Red Mud. LIGHT METALS 2020, v. N/A, p. 5-pg., . (18/11417-3, 18/03483-6)
BOTELHO JUNIOR, AMILTON BARBOSA; PINHEIRO, ERIKA FREITAS; ESPINOSA, DENISE CROCCE ROMAN; TENORIO, JORGE ALBERTO SOARES; BALTAZAR, MARCELA DOS PASSOS GALLUZZ. Adsorption of lanthanum and cerium on chelating ion exchange resins: kinetic and thermodynamic studies. SEPARATION SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY, . (18/03483-6, 18/11417-3)
BOTELHO JUNIOR, AMILTON BARBOSA; ROMANO ESPINOSA, DENISE CROCCE; SOARES TENORIO, JORGE ALBERTO; OUCHI, T; AZIMI, G; FORSBERG, K; KIM, H; ALAM, S; NEELAMEGGHAM, NR; BABA, AA; et al. Separation of Scandium by Phosphinic Acid Extractant from Sulfuric Acid Solution. RARE METAL TECHNOLOGY 2022, v. N/A, p. 8-pg., . (18/03483-6, 18/11417-3, 19/11866-5, 12/51871-9)
BOTELHO JUNIOR, AMILTON BARBOSA; ESPINOSA, DENISE CROCCE ROMANO; TENORIO, JORGE ALBERTO SOARES. The use of computational thermodynamic for yttrium recovery from rare earth elements-bearing residue. JOURNAL OF RARE EARTHS, v. 39, n. 2, p. 201-207, . (18/11417-3, 18/03483-6)
BOTELHO, JR., AMILTON BARBOSA; ROMANO ESPINOSA, DENISE CROCCE; SOARES TENORIO, JORGE ALBERTO. Extraction of Scandium from Critical Elements-Bearing Mining Waste: Silica Gel Avoiding in Leaching Reaction of Bauxite Residue. JOURNAL OF SUSTAINABLE METALLURGY, v. 7, n. 4, . (18/11417-3, 18/03483-6)
BOTELHO JUNIOR, AMILTON BARBOSA; PINHEIRO, ERIKA FREITAS; ESPINOSA, DENISE CROCCE ROMAN; TENORIO, JORGE ALBERTO SOARES; BALTAZAR, MARCELA DOS PASSOS GALLUZZ. Adsorption of lanthanum and cerium on chelating ion exchange resins: kinetic and thermodynamic studies. SEPARATION SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY, v. 57, n. 1, p. 60-69, . (18/11417-3, 18/03483-6)
BOTELHO JUNIOR, AMILTON BARBOSA; ESPINOSA, DENISE CROCCE ROMANO; TENORIO, JORGE ALBERTO SOARES. Characterization of Bauxite Residue from a Press Filter System: Comparative Study and Challenges for Scandium Extraction. MINING METALLURGY & EXPLORATION, v. 38, n. 1, p. 16-pg., . (18/11417-3, 18/03483-6)
BOTELHO JUNIOR, AMILTON BARBOSA; COSTA, RAQUEL HUNGARO; ROMANO ESPINOSA, DENISE CROCCE; SOARES TENORIO, JORGE ALBERTO; AZIMI, G; KIM, H; ALAM, S; OUCHI, T; NEELAMEGGHAM, NR; BABA, AA. Recovery of Scandium by Leaching Process from Brazilian Red Mud. RARE METAL TECHNOLOGY 2019, v. N/A, p. 7-pg., . (18/11417-3, 18/03483-6)
Academic Publications
(References retrieved automatically from State of São Paulo Research Institutions)
BOTELHO JUNIOR, Amilton Barbosa. Extration of scandium from non-explored resources using hydrometallurgical route with focus on sustainable development.. 2021. Doctoral Thesis - Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Escola Politécnica (EP/BC) São Paulo.

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