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From the end of metaphysics to the conception of the organism: Kant, Lebrun and Canguilhem

Grant number: 19/02726-5
Support Opportunities:Scholarships abroad - Research Internship - Post-doctor
Effective date (Start): July 01, 2019
Effective date (End): December 31, 2019
Field of knowledge:Humanities - Philosophy - History of Philosophy
Principal Investigator:Márcio Suzuki
Grantee:Emiliano Sfara
Supervisor: Philippe Huneman
Host Institution: Faculdade de Filosofia, Letras e Ciências Humanas (FFLCH). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). São Paulo , SP, Brazil
Research place: Institute for the History and Philosophy of Science and Technology (IHPST), France  
Associated to the scholarship:17/23137-2 - The influence of Kant's philosophy at the origin of the unpublished and published texts of Georges Canguilhem (with a hypothesis about the genesis of Gérard Lebrun's philosophy), BP.PD


Our main postdoctoral project aims to deepen, especially from a philosophical point of view, the Kant-Canguilhem-Lebrun theoretical lineage. In the light of the studies on philosophy and biology of our research group at the USP, with a first research period (6 months) at the IHPST in Paris under the direction of the Professor Philippe Huneman (last pupil of Lebrun), we would like to fortify the theoretical link between Kant, Canguilhem and Lebrun, proving that these three authors have in common not only a certain philosophy in the general sense, but also a well-defined conception of the philosophy of biology, according to which the living organism is characterized by an idea of internal finality. This conception breaks with the traditional idea of metaphysics, according to which the living being has its own reason for being in an external finality.

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