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Production of pullulan graft copolymers nanomats by scale up electrospinning aiming applications as drug delivery system

Grant number: 19/04952-2
Support type:Scholarships abroad - Research
Effective date (Start): August 01, 2019
Effective date (End): July 31, 2020
Field of knowledge:Engineering - Materials and Metallurgical Engineering - Nonmetallic Materials
Principal researcher:Lilia Müller Guerrini
Grantee:Lilia Müller Guerrini
Host: Nicole Raymonde Demarquette
Home Institution: Instituto de Ciência e Tecnologia (ICT). Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP). Campus São José dos Campos. São José dos Campos , SP, Brazil
Research place: Université du Québec à Montréal (UQÀM), Canada  

Abstract

Pullulan is a linear biosynthetic polysaccharide, which can be produced in large amount from starch, glucose, and some agro-industrial waste by the fungus Aureobasidium pullulans and has been used in most applications such as blood plasma substitutes, oil resistant films, additive for food and stimuli-responsive materials. It shows non-carcinogenic, non-mutagenic and biodegradable properties, which are very attractive for drug delivery system. Furthermore, pullulan can be grafted to poly(e-caprolactone), poly(pullulan-g-poly(3-hydroxybutyrate-co-3-hydroxyvalerate) and poly(N-vinyl caprolactam) to produce copolymers. All these polymers are very attractive for controlled drug delivery systems that can be produced in the forms of nanomats obtained by electrospinning techniques. These nanomats have the advantages of high surface area for cell attachment, controlled porous architecture and a 3-D microenvironment for cell-cell contact. Therefore, the goal of this project is to produce amphiphilic nanomats of pullulan-g-poly(3-hydroxybutyrate-co-3-hydroxyvalerate), pullulan-g-poly(µ-caprolactone) and pullulan-g-poly(N-vinylcaprolactam) by solution electrospinning technique in the presence of active substances like, curcumin. Electrospinning parameters will be systematically evaluated laboratory and pilot scale to investigate the possibility of encapsulating and releasing active substances. These nanomats will be characterized by following analysis: morphology, average fibers diameter, surface tension, chemical structure, thermal analysis, drug entrapped and release. Furthermore, new application in ink 3D-bioprint will be explored in order to extend the applicability of these graft copolymers. This research project will be developed using a pilot scale electrospinning unit allocated at École de Technologie Supérieure (ÉTS, Montreal) in partnership with Prof. Dr. Nicole R. Demarquette.

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Scientific publications
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
GUERRINI, LILIA M.; OLIVEIRA, MAURICIO P.; STAPAIT, CAMILA C.; MARIC, MILAN; SANTOS, AMILTON M.; DEMARQUETTE, NICOLE R. Evaluation of different solvents and solubility parameters on the morphology and diameter of electrospun pullulan nanofibers for curcumin entrapment. Carbohydrate Polymers, v. 251, JAN 1 2021. Web of Science Citations: 0.

Please report errors in scientific publications list by writing to: cdi@fapesp.br.