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Prevalence of Streptococcus agalactiae in pregnant assisted in primary care in São Paulo in the Southeast region

Grant number: 19/11524-7
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Scientific Initiation
Effective date (Start): August 01, 2019
Effective date (End): July 31, 2020
Field of knowledge:Health Sciences - Nursing
Principal Investigator:Mônica Taminato
Grantee:Giullia Carboni Camargo
Home Institution: Escola Paulista de Enfermagem (EPE). Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP). Campus São Paulo. São Paulo , SP, Brazil

Abstract

Streptococcus agalactiae infection in pregnant women, when untreated, is responsible for cases of meningitis, septic abortion, pneumonia, chorioamnionitis, pyelonephritis, and other perinatal infections. The rapid test for the detection of the microorganism is currently offered in primary care and, when diagnosed, treatment is started so that the chances of transmission and contamination are reduced at birth as the bacterium colonizes the maternal genital tract. The prevalence of maternal infection with Streptococcus agalactiae in pregnant women is influenced by factors such as the gestation period in which it was diagnosed, the place of collection, socioeconomic level, age, race, parity, diabetes, active sexual life (multiple partners). Objective: To evaluate the prevalence of Streptococcus agalactiae infection in pregnant women attending on Primary Care in São Paulo in the Southeast region by the Mãe Paulistana program. Methods: This is a cross-sectional study that will evaluate the population of pregnant women assisted in the primary health care service in the Southeastern region of São Paulo. This study will be preceded by the approval of the Research Ethics Committee of UNIFESP.