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Systematic review of the literature on the development of self-regulation of behavior during pubertal development

Grant number: 19/11706-8
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctorate
Effective date (Start): September 01, 2019
Effective date (End): August 31, 2021
Field of knowledge:Humanities - Psychology
Principal Investigator:Sabine Pompéia
Grantee:Thiago Fonseca Alves França
Home Institution: Escola Paulista de Medicina (EPM). Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP). Campus São Paulo. São Paulo , SP, Brazil
Associated research grant:16/14750-0 - Effects of puberal development on self-regulation of behaviour and its relation with present and past life condition, AP.TEM

Abstract

Pubertal development is accompanied by cerebral alterations, which suggests that sexual maturation may be more important than chronological age for the cognitive development taking place in early adolescence. However, there is a shortage of studies taking pubertal development as a reference to investigate such cognitive alterations, especially in nonclinical populations. The project focuses on the relationship between sexual maturation and the typical development of self-regulation of behavior (hot and cold cognition, impulsivity, humor alterations, etc.), taking into consideration various biopsychosocial aspects, such as socioeconomic status/risk and allostatic load. The project involves the development of open access cognitive tests suited to the population under study, a transversal study (data collection process underway) and dissemination of the science to the general public. The systematic review proposed here posits itself as a step towards surveying all the available literature, with the goal of obtaining the best characterization of the relationship between pubertal development and self-regulation of behavior based on the available evidence. The systematic review is also relevant in the context of Evidence Based Medicine, which aims at finding the best scientific evidence available in the literature to generate knowledge capable of informing relevant clinical questions. The work plan of the researcher contemplated with this fellowship will consist of two main goals: 1) to carry out a systematic review of the literature, following the Cochrane recommendations, to review what is known about the relationship between pubertal development and self-regulation of behavior, focusing on normal development in nonclinical populations, as well as to assess the advantages and disadvantages of measurements of self-regulation of behavior reported in the literature. Depending on the results obtained, it may be possible to perform a meta-analysis of the available data; 2) to create a handbook for the application of the cognitive tests developed in this project, which will be made available at no charge, including a theoretical argumentation to support the advantages of the proposed tests. The first goal mentioned above, besides being a contribution to the international scientific literature, will help in the production of the other publications from the project. The second goal mentioned above aims at making available a set of measures of the capacity to self-regulate behavior, which may be used in the Brazilian population and, possibly, in the populations of other countries as well.