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Search for inhibitors of the enzyme deoxyhypusine synthase of eukaryotic organisms that cause neglected tropical diseases by high-throughput in vitro drug screening

Grant number: 19/24812-0
Support type:Scholarships abroad - Research Internship - Doctorate
Effective date (Start): February 01, 2021
Effective date (End): January 31, 2022
Field of knowledge:Biological Sciences - Biochemistry - Molecular Biology
Principal Investigator:Cleslei Fernando Zanelli
Grantee:Angélica Hollunder Klippel
Supervisor abroad: Wesley Courtlandt Van Voorhis
Home Institution: Faculdade de Ciências Farmacêuticas (FCFAR). Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP). Campus de Araraquara. Araraquara , SP, Brazil
Local de pesquisa : University of Washington, United States  
Associated to the scholarship:18/16672-1 - Structural determination and search for inhibitors of the enzyme deoxy-hypusine synthase of eukaryotic organisms that cause neglected tropical diseases, BP.DR

Abstract

The eukaryotic initiation translation factor 5A (eIF5A) is highly conserved in eukaryotes and undergoes a specific post-translational modification, called hypusination. Hypusination is required for eIF5A function in the cell and is only present in eIF5A. Deoxyhypusine synthase (DHPS) catalyzes the first step of this modification in eIF5A. Both DHPS and eIF5A are essential for cell viability of all organisms tested so far. Furthermore, the therapeutic potential of DHPS for the treatment of eukaryotic pathogenic organisms that cause neglected tropical diseases has also been demonstrated. Thus, the main goal of this project is to search for structural differences between DHPS of human and some pathogenic organisms (Leishmania major, Paracoccidioides brasiliensis, Histoplasma capsulatum and Brugia malayi) to find inhibitors which minimally affect the human enzyme. To improve the results obtained so far in the project in Brazil, we propose the design of new constructs and new expression tests for the isoforms A and B from L. major DHPS; scale up of DHPS enzymatic in vitro assay to allow high-throughput drug screening using the drug collections available in the laboratory of Dr. Van Voorhis; and, finally, assuming new compounds that causes inhibition in the DHPS activity are discovered, we will perform cocrystallization assays that could help to guide future medicinal chemistry approaches to optimize the hits to a lead compound. This project is extremely relevant because there is an urgent need for the discovery of new, safe, effective and affordable active molecules for the treatment of neglected tropical diseases.

Articles published in other media outlets (7 total):
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UOL: Estudo revela proteína que pode ajudar a tratar elefantíase e leishmaniose (30/Nov/2020)
Plantão News (MT): Pesquisa revela estrutura de proteína e permite busca de fármacos para elefantíase e leishmaniose cutânea (01/Dec/2020)
Saense: Pesquisa revela estrutura de proteína e permite busca de fármacos para elefantíase e leishmaniose cutânea (01/Dec/2020)
Galileu online: Brasileiros decifram proteína de parasitas causadores de doenças tropicais (30/Nov/2020)
Jornal da Ciência online: Pesquisa revela estrutura de proteína e permite busca de fármacos para elefantíase e leishmaniose cutânea (30/Nov/2020)
Biblioteca FMUSP: Pesquisa revela estrutura de proteína e permite busca de fármacos para elefantíase e leishmaniose cutânea (30/Nov/2020)
Portal da Enfermagem: Pesquisa revela estrutura de proteína e permite busca de fármacos para elefantíase e leishmaniose cutânea (30/Nov/2020)