Despite the likely benefits of dance for various physical, social, mental and emotional aspects of older adults, stronger evidence is needed to consolidate the dance intervention as a therapeutic approach in health promotion and physical rehabilitation for older adults. Thus, the objective of the present study will be to evaluate whether regular dance practice can benefit the usual gait and gait with cognitive dual task on community-dwelling older adults. The study will include 72 older adults community members of both sexes, who will be randomized into two groups: dance group (GD, n = 36) who will perform the dance intervention twice a week for 12 weeks; and control group (CG, n = 36) who will not receive any intervention during the 12 weeks. All participants will undergo an initial evaluation, final re-evaluation after 12 weeks, and re-evaluation of follow-up after 24 weeks of the first evaluation. All evaluations will include anthropometric data (weight, height, BMI), cognitive test (10-CS) and gait evaluation (usual and with cognitive dual task) using the GaitRite Systems equipment. The dance sessions will last about 1 hour, with 10 minutes of warm-up, 45 minutes of dancing and 5 minutes of cooling. Also, in the initial evaluation will be carried out a sociocultural, demographic and life course questionnaire in order to identify which factors interfere in the adherence to the dance. The results will be expressed in descriptive statistics (mean, standard deviation and frequency). The comparison of gait variables between groups will be performed using SPSS software, version 17, and a significance level of 5% (p <0.05) will be adopted. The intent-to-treat method will be performed, as recommended by the CONSORT and National Institutes of Health (NIH) Clinical Center. Correlation between dance adherence and socio-cultural, demographic and life-course characteristics will be done.
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