Top-down public policies for fostering business clusters (BC) include initiatives, strategies, and particularly actions related to the deliberate promotion for regional clusters. At the academy, there is a consensus that it is apparently not possible to build competitive clusters, considering its emergence and evolution with a unique model for any clusters in the same way. Through comparative analysis between two cluster development policies programs (DPP), using the life cycle approach, we plan to outline the program-linked clusters evolutionary process, comparing two experiences: Norwegian and Basque. we intend to confront data from the environment of each region and program was implemented, enabling the patterns identification, characteristics or structuring factors associated with public policies, which made possible the clusters competitive success, installed in these regions. The present study contribution is related to the advance in-depth understanding of the relationship between government actions and business cluster development, seeking to provide bases for the conceptual model development relating public policies and the promotion of BC, considering different institutional environments. The research will be done seeking the public policies description used in each program, distributed over time and confronted with institutional environment data, focusing on the identification of invariant constraints or associated with the top-down policies success to promote business clusters.
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