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Discourses about the public speaking: an analysis of Brazilian manuals of the 20th century

Grant number: 20/02713-8
Support Opportunities:Scholarships in Brazil - Scientific Initiation
Effective date (Start): July 01, 2020
Effective date (End): June 30, 2022
Field of knowledge:Linguistics, Literature and Arts - Linguistics
Principal Investigator:Carlos Félix Piovezani Filho
Grantee:Amarildo Rodrigues da Silva Júnior
Host Institution: Centro de Educação e Ciências Humanas (CECH). Universidade Federal de São Carlos (UFSCAR). São Carlos , SP, Brazil


The proposed project aims to understand the discursive functioning of Brazilian public speech manuals published between the end of the 20th century and the beginning of the 21st century. We propose to identify, describe and interpret speeches about public speaking practices, considering the ideological positions of its enunciator, the concepts of oratory and auditorium performance, the production of images of the enunciator and the enunciate projected in these manuals and the effects of success and failure and their affective correlates, trust and fear, pride and shame, in statements extracted from 5 (five) Brazilian public speaking manuals. To this end, we will base our work on postulates of Discourse Analysis, derived from Michel Pêcheux and his group, as well as contributions from the History of linguistic ideas and Michel Foucault's works dedicated to the order of discourse. More precisely, we will appropriate its postulates, notions and methodological resources, to answer questions such as the following: what do the contemporary Brazilian public speaking manuals say about oratory performance and about different audiences to which the speaker constituted there should address and how are statements himself formulated? Who is the projected reader audience? What are the images of yourself that the enunciator of the manuals builds about you? How are the effects of success and failure produced and their affective correlates: trust and fear, pride and shame? What is preserved, resumed, reformulated or erased from the words of ancient rhetoric? In order to answer these questions, we will constitute a corpus composed of these manuals written by Reinaldo Polito: How to speak correctly and without inhibitions (1986), How do we speak - how to organize speech and transmit ideas (1999), Speak much better (2003), Beat the fear of public speaking (2005), Be a great speaker (2005). (AU)

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