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Generation of tunable fields for optical amplifiers

Grant number: 21/02615-9
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Scientific Initiation
Effective date (Start): May 01, 2021
Effective date (End): April 30, 2022
Field of knowledge:Physical Sciences and Mathematics - Physics - Condensed Matter Physics
Principal researcher:Marcelo Martinelli
Grantee:Gabriel Moniz Arantes
Home Institution: Instituto de Física (IF). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). São Paulo , SP, Brazil
Associated research grant:15/18834-0 - Exploring quantum information with atoms, crystals and chips, AP.TEM

Abstract

The final goal of the associated project is the generation of entangled states for applications in quantum information processing in a scalable structure of field modes. For this implementation, the development of optical amplifiers for applications in quantum information relies on the careful engineering of the parametric coupling. This can be done by tailoring the gain medium or the manipulation of the pumping field of the parametric amplifier.The project aims the generation of two coherent fields, with well-defined phase relations but a frequency diference in the MHz range. That should be done by using a Ti:sapphire laser as a gain medium for the field generated by a diode laser. Frequencies will be controlled by an acousto-optic modulator. The whole system will work on a master oscillator power amplifier architecture (MOPA).While the diode laser is well known as a versatile source of coherent light, with a great excess noise in the phase, we have developed a new setup that reduces this excess noise to 10 dB above the coherent state reference. This excess noise could be easily filtered by a cavity. The output will be modulated and injected in a Ti:sapphire laser, that had its control elements removed. The amplifier laser will follow the model field delivered by the master oscillator with minimal intracavity losses, delivering the necessary power of our four wave mixing setup, in the heart of the parametric amplifier.

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