Among all the high-energy environments of our Galaxy, the Galactic Center region is definitely the richest. It harbours a large amount of high-energy emitters, including the closest supermassive black hole, a cosmic Pevatron, dense molecular clouds, strong star-forming activity, multiple supernova remnants and pulsar wind nebulae, arc-like radio structures, as well as the base of what may be large-scale galactic outflows. This project aims to reconstruct the radiative models that can explain the non-thermal emission of a selection of gamma-ray sources in the Galactic Center region. Special attention will be given to the learning of advanced astronomical softwares to handle gamma-ray data, such as Astropy, Gammapy, CTools, and numerical libraries that can generate non-thermal radiation from a population of relativistic particle, such as Naima or Gamera. These softwares will be used to analyze data from the Fermi-LAT and H.E.S.S. telescopes of sources in the Galactic Center region. Radiative models will be fitted to the gamma-ray spectra in order to recover the primary cosmic-ray energy distribution of these sources. The main objective of the proposed activity is to introduce the student to the context of research, by means of the study of non-thermal high-energy astrophysical phenomena and numerical calculations in astrophysics.
News published in Agência FAPESP Newsletter about the scholarship: