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The internet of things and the new dynamics of agricultural production in the Brazilian countryside

Grant number: 20/07447-4
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctorate
Effective date (Start): July 01, 2021
Effective date (End): June 30, 2023
Field of knowledge:Humanities - Geography - Human Geography
Principal researcher:Ricardo Abid Castillo
Grantee:Mait Bertollo
Home Institution: Instituto de Geociências (IG). Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP). Campinas , SP, Brazil

Abstract

The informational objects used in the Brazilian field develop and expand their participation in activities that result in a potential increase in production. In the agribusiness sector, these systems and technical objects such as sensors, equipment and machines, digitally connected through the Internet of Things (IoT) allow the sharing of large volumes of data of the most varied types and with greater fluidity, feeding innumerable systems for the control of several stages of the different spatial productive circuits, such as the production detection and monitoring, development of cultures, performance in breeding animals, food processing and meteorological variables predictive analysis. These operations are carried out remotely and automatically by equipment such as smartphones, tablets and computerized agricultural machinery. Since the advent of the Internet of Things, the pace of data growth and its speed increase exponentially and demand the connection of rural establishments and stages of production to telecommunications networks. The analysis of the agents involved in the development, diffusion and connection of these systems and the impacts on agricultural production can offer answers on the use of IoT in the Brazilian field, as a possibility to mitigate the disparities between large and small producers through diffusion and trivialization. The use of information technologies and internet infrastructure in the context of family farming, taking advantage of the diverse knowledge of small and medium producers and cooperatives. (AU)

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