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Impact of simulating toothbrushing and the abrasiviness of dentirfices on the surface roughness and gloss of CAD/CAM resin composites, hybrid materials and dental enamel

Grant number: 21/11287-5
Support Opportunities:Scholarships in Brazil - Scientific Initiation
Effective date (Start): January 01, 2022
Effective date (End): September 30, 2022
Field of knowledge:Health Sciences - Dentistry - Dental Clinics
Principal Investigator:Eduardo Bresciani
Grantee:Luana dos Santos Souza
Host Institution: Instituto de Ciência e Tecnologia (ICT). Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP). Campus de São José dos Campos. São José dos Campos , SP, Brazil

Abstract

This study aims to evaluate the effect of toothpaste abrasiveness on the surface roughness and gloss of hybrid ceramics and hybrid composites compared to dental enamel. The study will consist of a 4 x 4 factorial design (n=15), with the factor substrate in 4 levels: Hybrid ceramic - Vita Enamic (VE), Hybrid ceramic - Shofu Blocks (SB), Nano-hybrid resin composite - GrnadioBlocks (GB), and and natural enamel (ESM); and the factor toothpaste abrasiveness at four levels: low with RDA equal to 7 (B); medium = 36 (M); coarse = 83 (A); and extra-coarse = 175 (XA). For this, LEU, DL and ESM discs (n=15) will be made (6 mm diameter, 2 mm thickness). The specimens will be polished with P1200, P2400, and P4000 grit silicon carbide sandpaper for the 30s, 60s, and 120s, respectively. A total of 100,000 brushing strokes will be performed by an automatic brushing machine with a slurry containing toothpaste and deionized water in a 1:3 ratio. The Gloss (Gloss Unit - GU) and surface roughness (Ra - µm) will be evaluated before and after the brushing simulation. Additional analyzes such as microhardness and scanning electron microscopy will also be performed. The mean and standard deviation will be calculated. Inferential statistics will consist of normality and homoscedasticity tests and, from these, the appropriate statistics will be determined. All with a 5% significance level. (AU)

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