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Quantitative in vitro to in vivo prediction of the effects of pro-inflammatory cytokines and pregnancy on transporter-mediated drug disposition via PBPK modeling and simulation

Grant number: 21/10292-5
Support Opportunities:Scholarships abroad - Research Internship - Doctorate
Effective date (Start): April 01, 2022
Effective date (End): September 15, 2022
Field of knowledge:Biological Sciences - Pharmacology - Clinical Pharmacology
Principal Investigator:Vera Lúcia Lanchote
Grantee:Jhohann Richard de Lima Benzi
Supervisor: Qingcheng Mao
Host Institution: Faculdade de Ciências Farmacêuticas de Ribeirão Preto (FCFRP). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Ribeirão Preto , SP, Brazil
Research place: University of Washington, United States  
Associated to the scholarship:19/03429-4 - Pyelonephritis impacts on Organic Anion Transporters (OAT) 1 and 3 activity in pregnant women: a quantitative system pharmacology approach, BP.DR

Abstract

Pregnancy and inflammation (due to infectious diseases) are each known to alter drug pharmacokinetics (PK) by changing the expression and activity of transporters and/or drug-metabolizing enzymes (e.g. CYPs). Quantifying changes in drug PK caused by pregnancy and/or cytokines (elevated during inflammation) is important for rational design of dosing regimens of drugs for pregnant women with infectious diseases. While changes in the PK of CYP-cleared drugs by pregnancy and cytokines have been well-delineated, such data are sorely missing for transporters. However, obtaining the latter for every possible transported drug administered to pregnant women (with or without infection) is logistically impossible. Therefore, alternative approaches that can generalize across drugs, transporters and pro-inflammatory infectious diseases are urgently needed. These approaches should accurately predict the alteration in in vivo activity of transporters by pregnancy and pro-inflammatory cytokines. In this proposal, we propose a systems pharmacology approach to predict the effects of pregnancy and/or pro-inflammatory infectious diseases on transporter-mediated drug PK. Our hypothesis is that the magnitude of change in drug PK by pregnancy and/or cytokines can be predicted through clinical PK studies using probe drugs and in vitro experimental data as well as Physiologically Based Pharmacokinetic (PBPK) modeling and simulation (M&S). Transporter probe drugs, unlike CYP probe drugs, have the limitations that they are not selective. To overcome this limitation, we propose a two-pronged approach which utilizes both primary human cells (hepatocytes, renal epithelial cells, and intestinal enterocytes) and transfected cells expressing individual transporters of interest. Using quantitative targeted proteomics, the human cells will allow us to determine the effects of pregnancy hormones or cytokines on the expression of transporters in these cells. The transporter-transfected cell studies will allow us to determine the intrinsic transport clearance of a drug by a single transporter per pmol of a transporter. Then, the in vitro intrinsic transporter-mediated clearances in primary cells will be extrapolated to in vivo using PBPK M&S. Combined, these data will allow us to predict transporter-mediated clearance of drugs in pregnant women with and without infection. These studies will address a critical gap in our understanding of the effects of pregnancy and/or pro-inflammatory infectious diseases on transporter- mediated drug disposition. Since our approach can be applied to other drugs and other inflammatory diseases throughout pregnancy, its significance goes well beyond the drugs and inflammatory diseases investigated on the clinical project. The clinical PK data obtained in Brazil will be used to verify our PBPK model predictions. (AU)

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Scientific publications
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
BENZI, JHOHANN RICHARD DE LIMA; ROCHA, ADRIANA; COLOMBARI, JULIA CRISTINA; PEGO, ALEF MACHADO GOMES; MELLI, PATRICIA PEREIRA DOS SANTOS; DUARTE, GERALDO; LANCHOTE, VERA LUCIA. Determination of furosemide and its glucuronide metabolite in plasma, plasma ultrafiltrate and urine by HPLC-MS/MS with application to secretion and metabolite formation clearances in non-pregnant and pregnant women. Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis, v. 235, p. 9-pg., . (21/10292-5, 18/05616-3, 21/00351-4, 19/03429-4)

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