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Factors associated with experience and pain during labor and vaginal delivery in Brazilian women: a cross-sectional study

Grant number: 21/06375-2
Support Opportunities:Scholarships in Brazil - Scientific Initiation
Effective date (Start): March 01, 2022
Effective date (End): February 28, 2023
Field of knowledge:Health Sciences - Physiotherapy and Occupational Therapy
Principal Investigator:Patricia Driusso
Grantee:Alice Moralez de Figueiredo
Host Institution: Centro de Ciências Biológicas e da Saúde (CCBS). Universidade Federal de São Carlos (UFSCAR). São Carlos , SP, Brazil

Abstract

The pain of vaginal birth can be an important factor that contributes to the reduction of vaginal birth rates in the world. Objective: To analyze the factors associated with pain during labor and vaginal delivery in Brazilian women. Methods: Cross-sectional study, which will include women up to six months postpartum. Data collection will be carried out online using the "Google Forms" platform, through two semi-structured questionnaires that will include questions about sociodemographic characteristics, presence of comorbidities, and obstetric history of the participants, in addition to evaluating conditions related to the last labor and childbirth. Then, women must fill the Numerical Pain Scale (END) to assess the intensity of pain at the time of labor and delivery. Furthermore, the Childbirth Experience Questionnaire (CEQ-Br) will be used to assess conditions related to happiness, sense of security and control of the woman's situation during labor and delivery, trust in the team, and the presence of positive or negative memories of the childbirth. The modified Delphi method will be used in the formulation of the semi-structured questionnaires with questions based on knowledge previously described in the literature about factors associated with pain during labor and vaginal delivery. Data analysis: Data will be analyzed using the SPSS software using multivariate logistic analysis, interpreted using the Odds Ratio (OR) and 95% confidence interval (95%CI), and exploratory factor analysis for the outcomes of satisfaction with childbirth and pain.(AU)

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