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Document Management and Data Planning of the Built Heritage - Definition, detail and precision of digital modeling.

Grant number: 22/15430-0
Support Opportunities:Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctoral
Effective date (Start): April 01, 2023
Effective date (End): March 31, 2025
Field of knowledge:Applied Social Sciences - Architecture and Town Planning - Architecture and Urbanism Technology
Principal Investigator:Márcio Minto Fabricio
Grantee:Maisa Fonseca de Almeida
Host Institution: Instituto de Arquitetura e Urbanismo de São Carlos (IAU). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). São Carlos , SP, Brazil

Abstract

The postdoctoral research project intends to develop an investigation on the definition of accuracy and resolution of the three-dimensional digital model related to the survey, document management and data planning of architectural heritage, using computational tools. It is intended to enhance the process and knowledge about the use of different techniques, offering innovations in relation to modeling planning and its workflow, combining survey techniques with terrestrial laser scanner and photogrammetry, and production of a hybrid model, using point clouds. Considering that the architectural heritage considered a cultural asset must be preserved and valued, the use of digital tools, the systematization and production of accurate digital architectural documentation through registration, offers an opportunity for a more detailed understanding of its evolution as an architectural organism, allowing the mapping and identification of elements, materials and construction techniques, and can contribute to the assessment of their physical integrity. In this way, the research is based on the application of reverse engineering of the building through the production of new digital documentation, seeking to assist in the registration and production of documentation, management and digital dissemination of the heritage, with geometric information and technical-constructive surveys, non-destructive testing and information systematization in Heritage Building Information Modeling (HBIM) models oriented to heritage management and knowledge dissemination. The combination of different surveying techniques allows building architectural spaces with high spatial precision, producing virtual environments with better definition of some constructive elements. Using as a case study the Republican Museum "Convenção de Itu" (MRCI) at USP and its garden, a historic building of Luso-Brazilian architecture with rammed earth construction and brick masonry. Its main façade and the ground floor entrance hall are covered in historic tiles. The second case study building is USP's Center for Scientific and Cultural Dissemination (CDCC), a scientific, cultural and educational institution, installed in the building that was originally the headquarters of Società Dante Alighieri, built in 1908. With eclectic architecture with classicizing, the building was ceded to the Escola de Engenharia de São Carlos (EESC) in 1952 and, later, acquired by USP for the installation of the CDCC. The case studies will offer an opportunity to analyze the use of these tools and the production of digital models, associated with the main results of the research, producing digital documentation and intends to assist in the management of future interventions and in the maintenance of these buildings, in order to record and allow record the modifications, interventions and maintenance (preventive and corrective) in the models in the future throughout their useful life. The research project in question is an opportunity to systematize historical information, data and documentation, which will allow for a more adequate management of the heritage, in addition to making the information available online to a wider audience. Thus, the research intends to offer important contributions to the construction of a digital inventory methodology, data management and historical heritage information, and may assist in preservation actions and policies, enhancing the maintenance, conservation and management of historic buildings of cultural value. , in order to contribute to the social and economic development, and to the quality of life of our communities, through actions that support, structure and promote the knowledge of cultural heritage and its preservation, contributing to the Sustainable Development Goals ( SDGs) of the United Nations (UN) 2030 Agenda in the field of arts and culture.

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