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Computational modeling for emotion recognition based on facial analysis

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Giampaolo Luiz Libralon
Total Authors: 1
Document type: Doctoral Thesis
Press: São Carlos.
Institution: Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Instituto de Ciências Matemáticas e de Computação (ICMC/SB)
Defense date:
Examining board members:
Roseli Aparecida Francelin Romero; Anna Helena Reali Costa; Fernando Antonio Campos Gomide; Zhao Liang; Maria de Jesus Dutra dos Reis
Advisor: Roseli Aparecida Francelin Romero

Emotions are the object of study not only of psychology, but also of various research areas such as philosophy, psychiatry, biology, neuroscience and, from the second half of the twentieth century, the cognitive sciences. A number of emotional theories and models have been proposed, but there is no consensus on the choice of one or another of these models or theories. In this sense, several researchers argue that there is a set of basic emotions that have been preserved during the evolutionary process because they serve specific purposes. However, it is still a topic for discussion how many and which the accepted basic emotions are. In general, the model of basic emotions proposed by Paul Ekman, which asserts the existence of six emotions - happiness, sadness, fear, anger, disgust and surprise, is the most popular. Studies also indicate the existence of a small set of universal facial expressions related to the six basic emotions. In the context of human-machine interactions, the relationship between human beings and machines is becoming increasingly natural and social. Thus, as the interfaces evolve, the ability to interpret emotional signals of interlocutors and to react accordingly in an appropriate manner is a challenge to surpass. Even though emotions are expressed in different ways by human beings, there is evidence that they are more accurately described by facial expressions. In order to obtain interfaces that allow more natural and realistic interactions, a computational modeling based on psychological and biological principles was developed to simulate the emotional recognition system existing in human beings. It presents distinct steps to identify an emotional state: the use of a preattentive visual mechanism, which quickly interprets the most likely emotions, the detection of the most important facial features for recognition of the identified emotional expressions, and the analysis of geometric facial features to determine the final emotional state. A number of experiments demonstrated that the proposed computational modeling achieves high accuracy rates, good generalization performance, and allows the interpretability of the facial features revealed. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 08/10554-5 - Robotic Architecture for Control of Socially Intelligent Robots
Grantee:Giampaolo Luiz Libralon
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate