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Corn grain processing methods for dairy cows grazing a tropical pasture

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Camila Delveaux Araujo Batalha
Total Authors: 1
Document type: Master's Dissertation
Press: Piracicaba.
Institution: Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Escola Superior de Agricultura Luiz de Queiroz (ESALA/BC)
Defense date:
Examining board members:
Flavio Augusto Portela Santos; Alexandre Mendonça Pedroso; Marco Antonio Penati
Advisor: Flavio Augusto Portela Santos

Systems based solely on use of pastures do not meet the nutrient demand for high individual production systems, thus, energy supplementation is needed to correct specific nutrient deficiencies of grazing animals. The aim of this work was to assess energy supplementation for middle lactation cows with corn under different forms of processing. Twenty cows were used in 4x4 Latin square design, and were subjected to the following treatments: T1: ground corn (GC), T2: rehydrated and ensiled ground corn (REGC), T3: rehydrated and ensiled cracked corn (RECC), and T4: flocked corn (FC). The treatments were offered during 64 days, twice a day and adjusted per period according to milk production of the square. The average size of particles of the treatments were: 1.35 mm for GC, 1.41 mm for REGC, 2.95 mm for RECC, and 5.95 mm for FC. Silages contained moisture content of 35.4% for REGC and 34.8% RECC, and the storage period was 177 days. The animals were kept on pasture of elephant grass (Pennisetum purpureum cv. Cameroon). The DMI did not differ between treatments (P>0.05). The digestibility of NDF was higher for FC, contrasting to GC. The digestibility of NSC was greater for CG than for RECC (95.92% vs. 93.59%).The rumination time, idleness grazing, did not differ among treatments. The different processes do not alter milk production and 3.5% milk fat, as well as production and contents of fat, casein and lactose. The MUN content was greater in GC and in FC (11.26 vs. 9.80 mg/dL). BW, body condition score and energy partition) were not influenced by the processing type. The ruminal and blood variables evaluated were not influenced by different processing methods. The replacement of GC for more intense processing forms did not result in improved performance. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 13/11603-8 - Corn grain processing methods for dairy cows grazing a tropical pasture
Grantee:Camila Delveaux Araujo Batalha
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Master