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Investigation of changes immunological in mice submitted to model animal of sepsis by cecal ligature and puncture (CLP) with brain injure

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Author(s):
Isabela Casagrande Jeremias
Total Authors: 1
Document type: Doctoral Thesis
Press: São Paulo.
Institution: Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Faculdade de Medicina (FM/SBD)
Defense date:
Examining board members:
Francisco Garcia Soriano; Angelina Maria Martins Lino; Flavia Ribeiro Machado
Advisor: Francisco Garcia Soriano
Abstract

Sepsis is characterized by an imbalance between pro- and anti-inflammatory responses to infection. One of the main components of the host response in septic shock are the reciprocal interactions between the immune system and the central nervous system, so the aim of this study was to investigate the development of neurological disorders and their association with immunological changes in early and late stages after sepsis by cecal ligation and puncture (CLP). We divided in three experiments: acute, chronic and chronic ACh. In acute experiment we use Balb/c mice, induce sepsis by CLP in different severities (mild, moderate and severe), 6 hours after CLP was conducted behavioral test SHIRPA and after the animals were sacrificed. In the chronic experiment Balb/c mice were subjected to CLP mild, the SHIRPA was performed 6 hours and 15 days after CLP, and animals were sacrificed 15 days after CLP. In chronic ACh experiment use Balb/c mice that received the drug Donepezil (5 mg/kg/day, orally) seven days before the CLP mild until the day of sacrifice and use too mice homozygous mutants KD VAChT also submitted to CLP mild. The SHIRPA behavioral test was performed 6 hours after CLP and the animals were sacrificed 15 days after CLP. The plasma, spleen and hippocampus were removed in all experiments. The levels of S100? were measured in plasma. The spleens were weighed, and flow cytometry was characterized lymphocytes (cytotoxic T lymphocytes, helper T lymphocytes, B lymphocytes, regulatory T cells and Th17 cells) and cell death (apoptosis initial, necrosis and DNA fragmentation). Cytokine levels in the spleen, hippocampus and plasma were determined by ELISA. Our results show that in the acute experiment, 6 hours after CLP encephalopathy is different depending on the severity of sepsis, since the profile of the spleen lymphocytes is not changed by any severity of sepsis. However, the spleen cell activation was shown in this study by variations in the quantity of cytokines in the spleen. In the chronic experiment we observed that 15 days after CLP animals have septic encephalopathy, and this correlates with cell differentiation and the death of spleen lymphocytes, which leads to a high immunosuppressive profile. Since in the chronic ACh experiment have shown that stimulation of cholinergic transmission, using donepezil, reduces inflammation by increasing lymphocytes, lymphocyte death and decreasing proinflammatory cytokine. And, conversely, the reduction in cholinergic transmission, KD VAChT experiment, we observed a decrease of lymphocytes, and increase cell death without inflammation. Thus, we conclude that the neurological deficits in animals with sepsis is associated with immunological late changes and ACh plays an important role in the immune profile 15 days after CLP (AU)