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Contribution of mesenchymal stem cells to the tumorigenic properties of human glioblastoma cells

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Author(s):
Carolina de Oliveira Rodini
Total Authors: 1
Document type: Doctoral Thesis
Press: São Paulo.
Institution: Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Instituto de Biociências
Defense date:
Examining board members:
Oswaldo Keith Okamoto; Maria Sol Brassesco Annichini; Adriana Miti Nakahata; Mariane Secco; Eloiza Helena Tajara da Silva
Advisor: Oswaldo Keith Okamoto
Abstract

Mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) display tropism to tumors, being recruited to its microenvironment where they comprise the tumor stroma. In brain, perivascular niche is a substantial source of MSC. Although mechanisms involved are poorly understood, MSC may directly and/or indirectly contribute to tumor development. Herein, the influence of MSC on the proliferation, invasiveness and tumorigenicity of human glioblastoma cells (GBM) was investigated. Moreover, since MSC releases TGFB1, a multifunctional cytokine with roles in immunomodulation, proliferation, migration and epithelial-mesenchymal transition of tumor cells, we analyzed if MSC-secreted TGFB1 affects GBM behavior. In vitro studies performed in the presence of conditioned media from human umbilical cord MSC with a stable TGFB1 gene expression knockdown showed that MSC-secreted TGFB1 is able to significantly increase the proliferation and viability of a GBM cell line (U87FP635). These results revealed an important paracrine effect of this regulatory cytokine when secreted by other cell types in tumor microenvironment. However, under experimental conditions that better mimic the tumor microenvironment, it was found that MSC also affect tumor cell behavior by an alternative mechanism dependent on cell-cell contact, but independent of TGFB1 levels secreted by MSC. The cell-cell contact between MSC and GBM U87FP635 significantly enhaced tumor viable cells. Additionally, the spheroid tumor cell culture with MSC cell contact increased the invasiveness of U87FP635 cells. Finally, in vivo ectopic implantation model showed more developed tumors when GBM U87FP635 cells were coinjected with MSC. These pro-tumorigenic effects were found both in cell-cell contact with control MSC, as with MSC containing TGFB1 gene expression knockdown. Thus, these findings indicate that MSC can exert pro-tumorigenic effects by two alternative and independent mechanisms: paracrine action of TGFB1 secreted by MSC and action mediated by cell-cell contact. In the present experimental conditions, the cell-cell contact-dependent mechanism was predominant. The secretome proteomic study of those cells identified 126 differentially expressed proteins as well as 10 proteins exclusively detected in conditioned media from GBM U87FP635 cell cocultures with MSC. About 80% of proteins uniquely secreted by cell-cell contact are exosomes components and are involved in cell proliferation and tissue development. These results indicate a dynamic interaction of communication between MSC and tumor cells and reveal some interesting proteins potentially involved in a MSC pro-tumorigenic action mediated by cell contact (AU)

FAPESP's process: 11/10001-9 - Contribution of mesenchymal stem cells to tumor development
Grantee:Carolina de Oliveira Rodini
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate