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Ecophysiological and agronomic characterization of \'Niagara Rosada\' vine in different training systems

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Author(s):
Luz Angela Sanchez Rodriguez
Total Authors: 1
Document type: Master's Dissertation
Press: Piracicaba.
Institution: Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Escola Superior de Agricultura Luiz de Queiroz (ESALA/BC)
Defense date:
Examining board members:
Marcel Bellato Sposito; Sergio Ruffo Roberto; Simone Rodrigues da Silva
Advisor: Marcel Bellato Sposito
Abstract

The \'Niagara Rosada\' vine is the main cultivar of table grapes produced in São Paulo state. As a climbing plant, the vine needs a support system for growth that best allow light interception through the canopy in order to reach a balance between leaf area and fruit production. In Sao Paulo state, the most commonly training systems used are pergola, vertically shoot-positioned (VSP) and \'Y\' shaped training system. The use of different training systems suggests a different response of the plant due to the arrangement of leafs and the microclimate around the canopy, which changes the photosynthetic capacity and consequently their growth, yield and quality of grapes. The aim of this study was to characterize the physiological and productive variables of \'Niagara Rosada\' vine with different ages and three training systems: pergola, VSP and \'Y\' shaped training system. Thus, two experiments were performed during 2014 and 2015 seasons, in Piracicaba - SP. In the first experiment vines on VSP and \'Y\' shaped training system were evaluated in their first and second year of production. The second experiment evaluated vines conducted in pergola systems and VSP, in the seventh and eighth year of production. In both experiments, total of days and degree-days to complete the production cycle was not affected by training systems. Among VSP and \'Y\' shaped systems, there is no difference in leaf surface area and production ratio, however, yield is higher in VSP due to the higher number of plants per hectare. The seven-year-old plants in pergola system have a more efficient ratio between leaf surface area and production. In the VSP, vines produce fruit with better quality as it have the highest soluble solids, anthocyanins and flavonols contents. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 14/08190-6 - Ecophysiological and agronomic characterization of Niagara Rosada grapevine supported by different training systems
Grantee:Luz Angela Sanchez Rodriguez
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Master