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Structural and functional studies of the co-chaperone SGT of Leishmania braziliensis

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Author(s):
Amanda Laís de Souza Coto
Total Authors: 1
Document type: Master's Dissertation
Press: São Carlos.
Institution: Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Instituto de Química de São Carlos
Defense date:
Examining board members:
Júlio César Borges; Fernando Alves de Melo; Adriano Silva Sebollela
Advisor: Júlio César Borges
Abstract

The molecular chaperones are active in many cellular processes involving protein folding and homeostasis. These characteristics make the chaperones potential targets to the treatment of many diseases. Hsp70 and Hsp90, in special, are highly conserved ubiquitous proteins that act in the folding of nascent proteins, protein aggregation prevention, aggregate recovering, signaling and cellular growth, among others. However, for these proteins to effectively fulfill their function, they must be modulated by molecular co-chaperones. SGT is a co-chaperone that can be divided into three domains: a N-terminal domain, a TPR domain and a C-terminal domain, being the TPR domain responsible for the interaction with the EEVD motif at the C-terminus of cytoplasmic Hsp90 and Hsp70. SGT is found in various organisms; among they are the protozoans of Leishmania spp.. These organisms are responsible for leishmaniasis, a neglected disease that affects thousands people every year, mainly at underdeveloped countries. Evidences indicate that SGT in protozoans are essential to the growth and viability of promastigote form. Therefore, the structural and functional study of the Leishmania braziliensis SGT (LbSGT) is presented. Recombinant LbSGT was produced and purified. The structural characterization points that LbSGT is rich in α-helix secondary structure and behaves as an elongated dimer in solution. Chemical and thermal stability data suggest that LbSGT is formed by domains of different stabilities. LbSGT was identified in vivo and the western blotting indicates its cognate presence in the protozoan promastigote forms. The interaction assays show that the interaction between LbSGT and Hsp90 of L. braziliensis (LbHsp90) or human Hsp70-1A (used as model protein) were different from the interaction between LbSGT with MEEVD peptide. Moreover, these data suggests that the interaction between LbSGT and Hsp70-1A and LbHsp90 involves additional protein regions besides the Hsp70-1A and LbHsp90 interaction motif. Altogether, the observed functional and structural proprieties of LbSGT accord to the SGT possible function as an adapter protein between the Hsp70 and Hsp90 systems in the foldossome. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 14/08786-6 - Structural and functional study of the co-chaperone SGT of Leishmania braziliensis
Grantee:Amanda Lais de Souza Coto
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Master