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Statistical inference in complex networks

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Bianca Madoka Shimizu Oe
Total Authors: 1
Document type: Master's Dissertation
Press: São Carlos.
Institution: Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Instituto de Ciências Matemáticas e de Computação (ICMC/SB)
Defense date:
Examining board members:
Odemir Martinez Bruno; Marcus Aloizio Martinez de Aguiar; Diego Raphael Amancio; Marinho Gomes de Andrade Filho
Advisor: Francisco Aparecido Rodrigues

The complex network theory has been extensively used to understand various natural and artificial phenomena made of interconnected parts. This representation enables the study of dynamical processes running on complex systems, such as epidemics and rumor spreading. The evolution of these dynamical processes is influenced by the organization of the network. The size of some real world networks makes it prohibitive to analyse the whole network computationally. Thus it is necessary to represent it by a set of topological measures or to reduce its size by means of sampling. In addition, most networks are samples of a larger networks whose structure may not be captured and thus, need to be inferred from samples. In this work, we study both problems: the influence of the structure of the network in spreading processes and the effects of sampling in the structure of the network. Our results suggest that it is possible to predict the final fraction of infected individuals and the final fraction of individuals that came across a rumor by modeling them with a beta regression model and using topological measures as regressors. The most influential measure in both cases is the average search information, that quantifies the ease or difficulty to navigate through a network. We have also shown that the structure of a sampled network differs from the original network and that the type of change depends on the sampling method. Finally, we apply four sampling methods to study the behaviour of the epidemic threshold of a network when sampled with different sampling rates and found out that the breadth-first search sampling is most appropriate method to estimate the epidemic threshold among the studied ones. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 14/12301-8 - Statistical inference in complex networks
Grantee:Bianca Madoka Shimizu Oe
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Master