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Study of Modulation of the Wnt pathway by Aurora kinases inhibitor AMG900 in pediatric medulloblastoma cell lines

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Author(s):
Lenisa Geron
Total Authors: 1
Document type: Master's Dissertation
Press: Ribeirão Preto.
Institution: Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Faculdade de Medicina de Ribeirão Preto
Defense date:
Examining board members:
Luiz Gonzaga Tone; Vitor Marcel Faça; Angel Mauricio Castro Gamero; Elvis Terci Valera
Advisor: Luiz Gonzaga Tone
Abstract

Medulloblastoma (MB) is the most common malignant brain tumor in childhood. Tumor formation/progression has been associated to molecular alterations that include dysregulation of signaling pathway Wingless (Wnt), responsible for embryonic development. In addition, cell cycle proteins Aurora-kinase (A, B and C) have been widely studied since Aurora A and B were found overexpressed in many cancers such as MB. Recent studies show that there is an association between Wnt pathway and Aurora kinase proteins. However, few studies have been conducted to confirm this association. Moreover, there are no studies reporting the effects of AMG900 in MB, by focusing on the regulation of the Wnt pathway. The aim of this study is to evaluate Wnt pathway modulation by Aurora kinases inhibitor AMG900 in pediatric medulloblastoma cell lines. Conventional PCR, sequencing, qRT-PCR, transient transfection, clonogenic assay, Western Blot and cell cycle assays were performed. UW402, UW473 and ONS-76 cell lines did not present mutations in exon 3 of CTNNB1 gene and exon 15 of APC gene. There was no significant expression of CTNNB1 and their target genes in these cell lines, confirming that they did not have Wnt pathway activated. Considering this, transient transfection was necessary. After this trial, there was an increase in expression of CTNNB1 gene and its target genes Cyclin D1 and C-Myc in the three cell lines, which was not observed in Aurora kinases. Furthermore, in the clonogenic assay, a reduction in the number of colonies in UW473 and ONS-76 cell lines was observed. It was also observed an increase in ?-catenin protein, Aurora A and B in UW473 cell line, but not in ONS-76 cell line. However, after treatment there was a decrease in protein expression of ?-catenin, Aurora A and B in both cells. Transfection did not change the cellular percentile in G2 / M in UW402 and UW473. In ONS-76 there was a significant increase in G2 / M, and the treatment with AMG900 potentiated this block only in this cell line. Results suggest that there may be some relation between the inhibition of Aurora kinase protein and protein expression in Wnt pathway. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 14/07124-0 - Study of modulation of the Wnt pathway by Aurora kinases inhibitor AMG 900 in pediatric medulloblastoma cell lines
Grantee:Lenisa Geron
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Master