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New methodologies in organic synthesis using the Wolff rearrangement from unsaturated diazoketones

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Author(s):
Barbara Bernardim de Souza
Total Authors: 1
Document type: Doctoral Thesis
Press: São Carlos.
Institution: Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Instituto de Química de São Carlos
Defense date:
Examining board members:
Antonio Carlos Bender Burtoloso; Timothy John Brocksom; Carlos Roque Duarte Correia; Kleber Thiago de Oliveira
Advisor: Antonio Carlos Bender Burtoloso
Abstract

Among the various types of diazocarbonyl substrates found in the literature, α,β-unsaturated diazoketones have shown a number of promising applications as multifunctional intermediates. This thesis is divided into three chapters, aimed at expanding the reactivity of such α,β-unsaturated diazoketones for synthetic chemistry and chemical biology applications. In the first chapter, diazoketones are presented as platforms for the direct synthesis of β,γ-unsaturated amides and esters via a Wolff rearrangement reaction. When diazoketones derived from amino-aldehyde are substrates, peptidic isosters are obtained, as demonstrated in the efficient synthesis of the nitroxide drug, JP4-039. In the same chapter, a study demonstrating the efficiency of several commercial light sources (CFL and LED) to promote the Wolff rearrangement was described, representing a sustainable alternative to UV lamps for this interesting reaction. The second chapter sought to expand the chemistry of unsaturated diazoketones for the study of [2 + 2] and [4 + 2] cycloaddition reactions. The preparation of the precursor esters for cycloaddition reaction was demonstrated by the Wolff rearrangement of precursors in the presence of allylic alcohols, and the attempt then culminated in the synthesis of a Diels-Alder cycloadduct. Chapter 3 was devoted to the use of α,β-unsaturated diazoketones for the site-specific chemical modification of proteins. These have been successfully demonstrated for this purpose, as well as inspiring the development of a promising new method for selective bioconjugation of cysteines. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 12/22274-2 - Study in the photochemical Wolff rearrangement from a,b-unsaturated diazoketones. aplication in diversity synthesis of nitrogen and oxygen heterocycles
Grantee:Barbara Bernardim de Souza
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate