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Cost-effective protocol of photodynamic therapy with erythrosine and dental curing light for the treatment of oral candidosis: a preclinical study in murine model

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Author(s):
Nathalia Ramos da Silva
Total Authors: 1
Document type: Master's Dissertation
Press: Ribeirão Preto.
Institution: Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Faculdade de Odontologia de Ribeirão Preto (PCARP/BC)
Defense date:
Examining board members:
Raphael Freitas de Souza; Maria da Gloria Chiarello de Mattos; João Frank Carvalho Dantas de Oliveira
Advisor: Raphael Freitas de Souza
Abstract

Oral candidosis affects many people worldwide and is associated with conditions such as immunosuppression, radiation, smoking, oral hygiene, age, xerostomia and use of removable prostheses. An important therapeutic approach for these infections consists of antifungal drugs, which have side effects and can result in the resistance of pathogens. In this context, photodynamic therapy (PDT) is an interesting alternative able to overcome those limitations. PDT protocols can be more easily assimilated in clinical practice if they employ materials already approved for use in dentistry. Thus, this study evaluate the PDT with the use of erythrosine as a photosensitizer, irradiated by a blue LED light, using an animal model. Forty mice had candidosis induced on the tongue by the immunosuppression and inoculation with Candida albicans. After five days that the lesion is established, the animals received one of four possible treatments: application of 5% erythrosine and irradiation by the LED (E+L+); erythrosine application, only (E+L- ); saline followed by irradiation (E-L+); and only saline (E-L-). In order to distinguish potential side effects, the same treatments were applied in 12 mice without induced candidosis. Colony-forming units (CFU) of C. albicans were counted after treatment, and the mucosa was subjected to histological analysis to determine the degree of inflammation. The data of the groups were compared using ANOVA and Kruskal-Wallis test (α=0.05). No significant difference was detected among the groups tested for the number of CFU of C. albicans and the degree of inflammation. The inflammatory infiltrate was classified as mild in most cases. Animals with induced oral candidosis and the healthy ones exhibited more pronounced inflammatory infiltrate and lesions in the epithelial layer following PDT by 5% erythrosine and irradiation by the LED light. Such findings suggest that this protocol resulted in damage to oral tissues. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 12/22026-9 - Preclinical study of a cost-effective photodynamic therapy protocol for treating oral candidoses
Grantee:Nathalia Ramos da Silva
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Master