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Navigability estimation for autonomous vehicles using machine learning

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Caio César Teodoro Mendes
Total Authors: 1
Document type: Doctoral Thesis
Press: São Carlos.
Institution: Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Instituto de Ciências Matemáticas e de Computação (ICMC/SB)
Defense date:
Examining board members:
Fernando Santos Osório; Heloisa de Arruda Camargo; Valdir Grassi Junior; Roseli Aparecida Francelin Romero; Alberto Ferreira de Souza
Advisor: Denis Fernando Wolf

Autonomous navigation in outdoor, unstructured environments is one of the major challenges presents in the robotics field. One of its applications, intelligent autonomous vehicles, has the potential to decrease the number of accidents on roads and highways, increase the efficiency of traffic on major cities and contribute to the mobility of the disabled and elderly. For a robot/vehicle to safely navigate, accurate detection of navigable areas is essential. In this work, we address the task of visual road detection where, given an image, the objective is to classify its pixels into road or non-road. Instead of trying to manually derive an analytical solution for the task, we have used machine learning (ML) to learn it from a set of manually created samples. We have applied both traditional (shallow) and deep ML models to the task. Our main contribution regarding traditional ML models is an efficient and versatile way to aggregate spatially distant features, effectively providing a spatial context to such models. As for deep learning models, we have proposed a new neural network architecture focused on processing time and a new neural network layer called the semi-global layer, which efficiently provides a global context for the model. All the proposed methodology has been evaluated in the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT) road detection benchmark, achieving, in all cases, competitive results. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 11/21483-4 - Navigability Estimation for Autonomous Vehicle Using Machine Learning
Grantee:Caio César Teodoro Mendes
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate