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The relation between poetic narrative, memory and oblivion in Memória de elefante, by António Lobo Antunes

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Daniella Sigoli Pereira
Total Authors: 1
Document type: Master's Dissertation
Press: São José do Rio Preto. 2016-09-13.
Institution: Universidade Estadual Paulista (Unesp). Instituto de Biociências Letras e Ciências Exatas. São José do Rio Preto
Defense date:
Advisor: Márcio Scheel

Based on two important theoreticians in the field – the North American Ralph Freedman (The lyrical novel), and the French, Jean-Yves Tadié (Le recit poétique) – this dissertation focuses on the theoretical studies of the poetic narrative, as a subgenre of the novel. Freedman postulates that the poetic narrative is directly related to the narrator's subjective point of view, since he is responsible for the description and, more importantly, for the recreation of the exterior world. Tadié is engaged in a more structural study, in which space, time, characters and myth are interconnected; this connection enables the poetic narrative to create its own world. The idea of recreating the exterior world is reinforced once more, since the way structures are organized within the subgenre enables the hidden significations to have an important effect on the external perceptions, which would be practically impossible in a traditional novel. This study is also concerned with the theorization of the memory from different points of view: a) literary, with the German linguist, Herald Weinrich (Lete: arte e crítica do esquecimento) and the Italian historian Paolo Rossi (O passado, a mamória e o esquecimento); b) philosophic, with Confessions by Saint Augustine, with Matéria e memória and Memória e vida, by the French philosopher Henri Bergson, with A memória, a história e o esquecimento, by the French philosopher Paul Ricoeur, and with "A imagem de Proust" by Walter Benjamin; c) historic, with the French historian, Jacques Le Goff (História e Memória). In addition to this, this work proposes a critical and analytical study of Memória de Elefante, António Lobo Antunes' first novel. Besides the studies by Maria Alzira Seixo - a reference in Lobo Antunes' critique - a number of studies recently published in Brazil and in Portugal were used to support this analysis. Memória de Elefante describes a day in the life of a psychiatrist, former lieutenant in the African Colonial War, who lives apart from his occupation, his family, his ex-wife, his daughters, and even from himself and his time; in other words, an experience of absolute loneliness and abandonment. In this analysis, it is demonstrated in which way the poetic narrative and the memory are presented in the aforementioned book. Moreover, this study intends to contribute to a better reading and understanding of the literary style of this Portuguese writer as well as contributing to a contextualization of this literary work in the Portuguese production of the 20th century. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 14/05044-9 - The relation among poetic narrative, memory and oblivion in Memória de Elefante, by António Lobo Antunes
Grantee:Daniella Sigoli Pereira
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Master