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Balzac in Brazil: between bookseller-publishers and Alencar´s novel

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Lilian Tigre Lima
Total Authors: 1
Document type: Master's Dissertation
Press: São José do Rio Preto. 2018-03-27.
Institution: Universidade Estadual Paulista (Unesp). Instituto de Biociências Letras e Ciências Exatas. São José do Rio Preto
Defense date:
Advisor: Lúcia Granja

This Master’s work proposes a new look at the relationship of José de Alencar with his reader. In more specific terms, the objective of this work was to discuss the extent to which the reading of Honoré de Balzac in Brazil, one of the models of the urban Alencar, precedes the reading of José de Alencar, as has been thought, and, to what extent, the Brazilian novelist, by appropriating this literature still unknown by the Portuguese-speaking public here, contributes to the creation and education of the taste of this part of the reading public of novels. In order to arrive at the confirmation of this initial hypothesis, the research has focused on two axes of investigation. In the first one, centered on the literary aspects, from the novels Eugénie Grandet (1833), by Balzac, and Senhora (1875), by Alencar, it is analyzed the efforts of the Brazilian writer to extrapolate the technique of the French master with regard to the treatment of the human dramas, as well as the novelist’s commitment to the understanding and fictionalization of the nineteenth century Brazilian social context. In the second and main axis of this work, the attention is focused on the primary sources, whose analysis opens new paths for the knowledge of modes of production, dissemination and reception of literature in the period, and, consequently, for a more diversified understanding of the Brazilian Cultural History of the same period. Putting in check the concept of source and influence, the dichotomy between periphery and center, as well as the conventional idea of delay, this work, by placing José de Alencar at the center of the formation of an audience, invites to rethink the role of the writer also in the formation of a literary system in Brazil, showing that much is gained by making prismmatic the idea that the contact of the Brazilian reader with the European romances preexisted the reading of the national novels. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 15/24023-5 - Balzac in Brazil: Alencar´s novel and the formation of the literary taste (19th century)
Grantee:Lilian Tigre Lima
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Master