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A feasibility study of a new friendly and low-cost ovarian stimulation protocol for assisted reproduction

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Author(s):
Beatrice Nuto Nóbrega
Total Authors: 1
Document type: Master's Dissertation
Press: Ribeirão Preto.
Institution: Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Faculdade de Medicina de Ribeirão Preto
Defense date:
Examining board members:
Wellington de Paula Martins; Maria Celia Mendes; Ana Carolina Japur de Sá Rosa e Silva; George Queiroz Vaz
Advisor: Wellington de Paula Martins
Abstract

Introduction: Assisted reproduction techniques are the main treatment for infertility, that affects 9-15% of couples at reproductive age. However, the high cost of the treatment, which is often a limiting factor to access and continuation, is mainly due to medications used for controlled ovarian stimulation (OS). The objective of this study is to evaluate the feasibility of a new friendly and low-cost OS protocol, including the use of oral and low-cost medications and reducing the number of injections, in order to enable the design of a large randomized controlled trial. Methods: All women undergoing ART with OS in a university fertility center in Brazil within abril-2015 to Feb-2016 with <= 90 Kg, 18-40 years, and with an antral follicle count (AFC) >= 9 were invited to participate. 40 patients which matched inclusion criteria agreed to participate and started OS on menstruation days 2 or 3. They received oral letrozole 7.5mg/day for 5 days and oral clomiphene citrate 100mg daily until the triggering. On stimulation day-3 they received a single dose of corifollitropin alfa 100mcg subcutaneously. Ultrasound monitoring started on day-8 and proceeded every other day. The final triggering was performed as usual with GnRH agonist, leuprolide 1mg or triptorelin 0.2mg, subcutaneously. The oocyte retrieval was performed 35-36 hours afterwards. No GnRH antagonist was used for prevention of LH surge. Most oocytes were injected and all embryos were cryopreserved for later transfer. Some patients decided for oocytes cryopreservation. The results were compared to other 40 patients who underwent conventional OS at the same service and period of time, randomly selected according to inclusion and exclusion criteria. Both groups were divided in two subgroups according AFC: 9-19 and >19. The primary outcome was the number of mature (MII) oocytes retrieved. Results: There was no difference in control and research group regarding age, weight, body mass index and AFC. The results for the new protocol were: the median number of total oocytes retrieved was 12 and of MII oocytes 9. In AFC 9-19 subgroup the median was 9 and 7.5 and in >19 AFC subgroup was 16 and 13. The fertilization and cleavage rates were respectively 72% and 93%. No statistical difference was found between this results and the control group. The median length of OS was 11 days, with a 2 days increase comparing tocontrol. There were two cases of ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome, one moderate and one severe according to the Golan criteria. Both were clinically treated with hyperhydration, symptomatic medication and thromboprophylaxis with satisfactory improvement within few days. Conclusions: Besides a longer duration in the OS, the number of total and MII oocytes, fertilization and cleavage rates were satisfactory. Thus this new friendly and low cost OS protocol is feasible for further evaluation in a randomized controlled trial. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 15/12996-9 - Effectiveness of a simplified ánd low-cost controlled ovarian stimulation
Grantee:Beatrice Nuto Nóbrega
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Master