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Investigation of phase stability in the scandia-zirconia

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Author(s):
Robson Lopes Grosso
Total Authors: 1
Document type: Doctoral Thesis
Press: São Paulo.
Institution: Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Instituto de Pesquisas Energéticas e Nucleares (IPEN/BT)
Defense date:
Examining board members:
Eliana Navarro dos Santos Muccillo; Douglas Gouvea; Dolores Ribeiro Ricci Lazar; Jivaldo do Rosario Matos; Renata Ayres Rocha
Advisor: Eliana Navarro dos Santos Muccillo
Abstract

In this work, the phase stability of scandia-zirconia (ScSZ) system was investigated by the thermodynamic study of nanoparticles, within the range of 0 to 20 mol% Sc2O3, and by codoping of ZrO2-10 mol% Sc2O3 (10ScSZ) with Dy2O3 and Nb2O5. The phase stability of ScSZ was evaluated based on thermodynamic data collected by water adsorption microcalorimetry and high temperature oxide melt solution. Nanostructured zirconia-scandia solid solutions were synthesized by coprecipitaion method. Thermodynamic data were determined for ScSZ polymorphs (monoclinic, tetragonal, cubic, rhombohedral β and γ) found by X-ray diffraction. This systemic work resulted in an unprecedented phase diagram at the nanoscale of particle size-composition. The effects of additives on 10ScSZ were investigated aiming to stabilize the cubic (c) structure at room temperature and to suppress the characteristic cubic-rhombohedral β phase transformation. Compositions were prepared by coprecipitation and solid state reaction. Materials were sintered by conventional and spark plasma sintering. Full stabilization of the cubic phase was attained by 1 mol% Dy2O3 and 0.5 mol% Nb2O5 additions. The smallest Nb2O5 content required for cubic phase stabilization was attributed to liquid phase formation during sintering and to small ionic radius of Nb5+. Results of high temperature X-ray diffraction and thermal analysis show suppression of the c-β transformation. Samples containing 0.5 mol% Nb2O5 show total ionic conductivity similar to 10ScSZ without additives within a broad temperature range with high stability during 170 h at 600 °C. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 12/03319-5 - Preparation and characterization of scandia-stabilized zirconia containing additives
Grantee:Robson Lopes Grosso
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate