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The development in the real estate production in the \periphery\ of the metropolis: the \economic segment\ and the transformations in the production of space in Itaquera (São Paulo, Brazil)

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Isadora Fernandes Borges de Oliveira
Total Authors: 1
Document type: Master's Dissertation
Press: São Paulo.
Institution: Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Faculdade de Arquitetura e Urbanismo (FAU/SBI)
Defense date:
Examining board members:
Maria Beatriz Cruz Rufino; Carolina Maria Pozzi de Castro; Lúcia Zanin Shimbo
Advisor: Maria Beatriz Cruz Rufino

This study discusses the recent transformations in the so-called \"peripheries\" of the metropolis of São Paulo, materialized in the implementation of large residential condominiums, which have started to assume an increasing role in the (re)production of these spaces, being juxtaposed to historical forms of production of local space. Thus, we analyzed the progress in the real estate production over the \"periphery\", aiming to understand the specific forms assumed by this process, the transformations it generates in the peripheral area, and its meanings regarding the other forms of space production. The empirical investigation focused on the area where the subprefecture of Itaquera is located, which is a paradigmatic space, historically characterized as a locus of workforce reproduction, and that in its urbanization process was consolidating through different forms of space production, such as self-construction, government production, and ordered production (JARAMILLO, 1982). We tried to demonstrate the hypothesis that the market has been developing in the \"periphery\", driving the accumulation of capital through space production since the 1990s, from the insertion of Brazil in the global financial circuit combined with the advancement of neoliberal policies -- which are placed in the most diverse scales (local, state, national, and even global) -- and the articulation of sophisticated financial instruments. Therefore, this development is intensified with the consolidation of large national developers that establish a new level of space production in the \"periphery\", increasing the heterogeneity of these areas, favoring the reproduction of capital as it hinders the access to land and housing by people with lower purchasing power. In this way, we emphasize the emergence, expansion, and intensification of a new product, the so-called \"economic segment\", pointing out the increased intensification in production of space, which has been occurred in peripheral areas since the 1990s, resulting in a significant increase in land prices. Finally, this research evidences a deficiency in the concept of \"periphery\" in the apprehension of urban dynamics in progress, highlighting the importance of understanding the production of space from its different forms of production, understanding its inequalities as a logical result of the space production process that conforms the totality, determining the access of society to the land and the city, and exacerbating the contradictions of the capitalist production of space. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 18/02986-4 - The real estate advance over the city's periphery in the XXI century: the transformation of space production in Itaquera
Grantee:Isadora Fernandes Borges de Oliveira
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Master