Advanced search
Start date
Betweenand


Agreement between perceptual tests and videofluoroscopy in the diagnosis of velopharyngeal dysfunction

Full text
Author(s):
Maíra de Souza Périco
Total Authors: 1
Document type: Master's Dissertation
Press: Bauru.
Institution: Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Faculdade de Odontologia de Bauru (FOB/SDB)
Defense date:
Examining board members:
Maria Ines Pegoraro Krook; Jeniffer de Cassia Rillo Dutka; Melina Evangelista Whitaker Siécola
Advisor: Maria Ines Pegoraro Krook
Abstract

Objetive: To determine the agreement between the results of the Nasal Air Emission and Hypernasality tests and the videofluoroscopy findings in the diagnosis of velopharyngeal dysfunction in individuals with cleft lip and palate. Material and Methods: The sample consisted of 89 scores of Nasal Air Emission and Hypernasality tests and 89 judgments of videofluoroscopy exam, which were interpreted as consistent velopharyngeal closure, or as inconsistent velopharyngeal closure, or as non velopharyngeal closure. The sensitivity, specificity and agreement between the interpretation of the results of the perceptual tests and the findings of the videofluoroscopy were calculated. Results: The rates found for sensitivity of Nasal Air Emission and Hypernasality tests were 98 and 96%, respectively, and the rates for specificity of Nasal Air Emission and Hypernasality tests were 37% and 63%, respectively. Regarding the percentages of agreement between the Nasal Air Emission test scores and the videofluoroscopy judgments, it was found agreement of 62% for the consistent velopharyngeal closure condition, 43% for the inconsistent velopharyngeal closure and 68% for the non velopharyngeal closure. Between the scores of Hypernasality test and videofluoroscopy judgments the agreement found was 70% for the consistent velopharyngeal closure condition, 47% for the inconsistent velopharyngeal closure and 77% for the non velopharyngeal closure. Conclusion: There was a good level of agreement between the perceptual tests and the videofluoroscopy judgments for the consistent velopharyngeal closure and non velopharyngeal closure conditions, but not for the inconsistent velopharyngeal closure. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 11/16733-1 - Correlation between perceptual tests and videofluoroscopy in the diagnostic of velopharyngeal dysfunction
Grantee:Maira de Souza Périco
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Master