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Dipeptidyl peptidase IV inhibition ameliorates cardiorrenal function of heart failurerats

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Author(s):
Daniel Francisco de Arruda Junior
Total Authors: 1
Document type: Master's Dissertation
Press: São Paulo.
Institution: Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Faculdade de Medicina (FM/SBD)
Defense date:
Examining board members:
Adriana Castello Costa Girardi; Edilamar Menezes de Oliveira; Andrey Jorge Serra
Advisor: Adriana Castello Costa Girardi
Abstract

Recent data from our laboratory suggest that the enzyme dipeptidyl peptidase IV (DPPIV), a serine protease that can be found anchored in the cell membrane of different cell types or in the soluble form in plasma, plays an important role in the pathophysiology of heart failure (HF). More specifically, we have demonstrated that the activity of circulating DPPIV is associated with poorer cardiovascular outcomes in an experimental model and patients with HF. In addition, we have found that chronic inhibition of DPPIV attenuates the development and/or progression of HF in rats with myocardial injury. However, it is unknown whether the inhibition of this peptidase is able to reverse the cardiorenal dysfunction in rats with established HF. Therefore, this study aimed to test the hypothesis that inhibition of DPPIV exerts therapeutic effects in rats with HF. To this end, HF rats were treated daily with the DPPIV inhibitor vildagliptin (80 or 120 mg/kg/day) or vehicle (HF) for four weeks. Untreated Sham rats were used as controls. Echocardiographic analysis demonstrated that HF rats exhibit lower fractional area change (FAC) and higher isovolumetric relaxation time (IVRT) than Sham rats. On the other hand, treatment with the highest dose of vildagliptin was able to increase FAC and decrease IVRT. These functional improvements were accompanied by structural improvements, since inhibition of DPPIV was also able to reduce cardiac hypertrophy and interstitial collagen deposition in the remaining myocardium of rats treated with vildagliptin rats compared to HF. In addition, HF rats exhibited higher water content in the lungs, lower urinary sodium excretion, lower urinary flow and lower glomerular filtration rate compared to the Sham group. In turn, the renal handling of salt and water was completely restored by chronic treatment with vildagliptin 120 mg/kg/day. Normalization of the renal function induced by chronic inhibition of DPPIV was associated with an increase in the expression of the glucagon like peptide-1 receptor (GLP-1R) and enhanced protein kinase A activation in the renal cortex, the signaling pathway triggered by bind between GLP-1/GLP-1R. In addition, the postprandial levels of GLP-1, the main substrate of DPPIV that exerts insulinotropic, cardio and renoprotective actions, were lower in HF rats than in Sham. This decrease in circulating levels of GLP-1 (active and total) in HF rats was accompanied by impaired glucose tolerance and higher plasma insulin levels. The inhibition of the DPPIV with vildagliptin improved the bioavailability and secretion after an oral glucose load. Taken together, these results suggest that the inhibition of DPPIV ameliorates the cardiorenal and metabolic function of rats with HF. Furthermore, bioavailability and secretion of GLP-1 are impaired in HF rats and vildagliptin is able to restore the signaling mediated by this peptide. Therefore, DPPIV inhibitors can be effective not only in preventing but also for the treatment of HF in rats (AU)

FAPESP's process: 12/05821-0 - DPPIV inhibition ameliorates cardiorenal function in heart failure rats
Grantee:Daniel Francisco de Arruda Junior
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Master