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Hormonal regulation on anthocyanin biossynthesis in raspberry (Rubus idaeus) on postharvest.

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Laís Moro
Total Authors: 1
Document type: Master's Dissertation
Press: São Paulo.
Institution: Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Conjunto das Químicas (IQ e FCF) (CQ/DBDCQ)
Defense date:
Examining board members:
Eduardo Purgatto; Beatriz Rosana Cordenunsi; Gustavo Henrique de Almeida Teixeira
Advisor: Eduardo Purgatto

The color is fundamental for the fruits, for the initial acceptability of the consumers, is a factor that influence the appreciation and selection of the maturity stage, especially for berries, like strawberries and raspberries. In raspberries (Rubus idaeus), the research have focused on the anthocyanin biosynthesis, the pigments most frequent on this species. Their precursors came from the phenylpropanoid pathway but the factors that regulate this metabolic pathway remain unclear. There are evidences that some phytohormones as ethylene, indole-3-acetic acid (IAA) abscisic acid (ABA) and methyl jasmonate (MJ) are related to the inhibition or increase of these flavonoids on fruits. In this context, the aim of this study is to evaluate the effect of these phytohormones on the anthocyanin pathway in raspberries Autumn Bliss. It was evaluated the effects of these phytohormones in some physico-chemical and physiologic characteristics of these fruits (soluble sugars, organic acids, respiration, ethylene biosynthesis, color), phenolic compounds and flavonoid content. Also, it was quantified the auxin, ABA and MJ levels, and the relative transcript levels of anthocyanidin synthase (ANS), dihydroflavonol 4-reductase (DFR) and the transcriptional factor MYB10, a transcriptional regulator of the anthocyanin pathway in raspberries. The most significant alterations were observed on MJ treatment, in which the ethylene production in berries reach the highest levels (without effect on the respiration) and the most intense red color on ripe fruits in comparison with the control group. MJ also induced the increase on relative expression of MYB, ANS and DFR two days after harvest prior to the anthocyanin accumulation. Other noticeable effect was detected in the IAA group in which anthocyanin synthesis and phenolic compound content were inhibited and related to the inhibition of MYB and ANS transcription. ABA inhibited the DFR transcript accumulation, related to the delay in anthocyanins synthesis in relation to control group. Except by ACC, that did not have significant effects in any of the evaluated parameters, the results suggest that the anthocyanin metabolism might be regulate for multiple hormonal signs. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 11/05583-9 - Hormonal regulation of the postharvest anthocyanin biosynthesis in raspberries (Rubus idaeus)
Grantee:Laís Moro
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Master