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Development of catalysts and enzymatic systems for CO2 redution

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Author(s):
Caterina Gruenwaldt Cunha Marques Netto
Total Authors: 1
Document type: Doctoral Thesis
Press: São Paulo.
Institution: Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Conjunto das Químicas (IQ e FCF) (CQ/DBDCQ)
Defense date:
Examining board members:
Henrique Eisi Toma; Alzir Azevedo Batista; Ana Maria da Costa Ferreira; Anita Jocelyne Marsaioli; Alvaro Takeo Omori
Advisor: Henrique Eisi Toma
Abstract

CO2 is a primary world carbon source readily available for the production of new compounds, under sustainable conditions due to its great abundance and non-toxic, renewable characteristics. Hence, there is a compulsive interest to develop new methodologies capable of introducing carbon dioxide in the chemical synthetic routes. Among the many possible alternatives, two different strategies were pursued this thesis: one using bimetallic complexes as catalysts, and the other one using enzymes supported on superparamagnetic nanoparticles. The bimetallic complexes were based on the bridging bis-pyrrolidyl-phenol (BPP) architecture encompassing diphenylmethanol and diphenylphosphino groups. They were inspired in biomimetic systems for the chemical reduction of CO2 and employed in the carboxylation of hydrocarbons. In such carbon-carbon coupling reactions, the bimetallic complexes were able to catalyse the reaction between CO2 and methyl iodide in order to obtain methyl acetate. However, in the reaction with 1- decene, isobutene and iso-octane, only three of them were efficient: BPP(ONi,ONi), BPP(OZn,OPPh2Pd) and BPP(OPPh2Pd,OPPh2Pd). In the studies focusing on immobilized enzymes, dehydrogenase-like enzymes and three different kind of magnetic particles (MagNP) were employed (MagNP-APTS, MagNP@SiO2-APTS and MagNP-APTS/Glioxyl-Agarose, APTS = aminopropyltrimethoxisylane). The best immobilization support for alcohol dehydrogenase and formaldehyde dehydrogenase was MagNP@SiO2-APTS, while for formate dehydrogenase the best immobilization support was MagNP-APTS. For glutamate dehydrogenase a multi-point immobilization was required, turning MagNPAPTS/ Glioxyl-Agarose the best catalytic support. These enzyme-support systems were used in a multi-enzymatic reaction using CO2, NADH and glutamate in order to obtain methanol and formaldehyde. Both CO2 redution methods were successful explored, and the results fulfilled the major objective of this thesis, which is the conversion of CO2 into higher value products. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 08/10177-7 - Comparative study of the use of CO2 as a reagent
Grantee:Caterina Gruenwaldt Cunha Marques Netto
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate (Direct)