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Tongue strength and mobility in cleft lip and palate

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Author(s):
Estefânia Leite Prandini
Total Authors: 1
Document type: Master's Dissertation
Press: Bauru.
Institution: Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Faculdade de Odontologia de Bauru (FOB/SDB)
Defense date:
Examining board members:
Katia Flores Genaro; Ana Paula Fukushiro; Luciana Vitaliano Voi Trawitzki
Advisor: Katia Flores Genaro
Abstract

Objective: Cleft lip and palate individuals experienced a morphofunctional imbalance since intrauterine life influencing on craniofacial growth and oral function performance. This study aimed to evaluate the tongue strength and mobility of these individuals compared with those of a control group without cleft lip and palate and with good occlusal relationship, to verify the relationship between tongue strength and mobility; tongue strength and the functions of breathing, mastication, swallowing, and speech; as well as the difference between groups in the strength and tongue mobility. Method: After the approval of the Ethical Committee in Research, 59 individuals aged between 18 and 28 years (mean=23 years and 3 months), both genders, were evaluated comprising 30 individuals with repaired complete cleft lip and palate and 29 individuals with good occlusal relationship and without cleft lip and palate and other malformations. The orofacial myofunctional evaluation (MBGR) was conducted to verify the tongue mobility and the functions of breathing, mastication, swallowing, and speech. The images of the evaluation were recorded and analyzed by three examiners with good agreement among them verified by Kappa test. The evaluation of the tongue strength used the Iowa Oral Performance Instrument (IOPI) during the elevation, left and right lateralization and protrusion of the tongue and endurance test. The correlations between the tongue strength and mobility, and among tongue strength and the functions of breathing, mastication, swallowing, and speech were established by Spearman Correlation Coefficient, already the difference in the tongue strength and mobility between groups were assessed by the Mann-Whitney test. Results and Conclusion: In the studied sample, the significant relationship between tongue strength and mobility and among tongue strength and the functions of breathing, mastication, swallowing, and speech was not verified. However the tongue strength and mobility were lower in the study group. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 13/08247-5 - Force and mobility of the tongue in cleft lip and palate
Grantee:Estefânia Leite Prandini
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Master