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Evaluation of ozone therapy in the treatment of zoledronate-induced osteonecrosis in senile rats

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Author(s):
Leonardo Alan Delanora
Total Authors: 1
Document type: Master's Dissertation
Press: Araçatuba. 2021-03-02.
Institution: Universidade Estadual Paulista (Unesp). Faculdade de Odontologia. Araçatuba
Defense date:
Advisor: Leonardo Perez Faverani; Edilson Ervolino
Abstract

Ozone therapy has been shown to be a promising tool in the prevention of infections and in the aid of tissue repair, reconciling with the challenges in the treatment of medication-induced jaw osteonecrosis (ONM-M), this project aims to analyze the effects of ozone therapy in 55 rats senile (18 months), between 300-350g, induced to osteonecrosis via medication (Zoledronate 100μg / kg), after extraction of the lower first molar. The animals were divided into 4 equitable groups (ten rats per group), the first SAL group, received saline applications for 7 weeks, SAL + OZ group received saline applications for 7 weeks and ozone therapy (0, 7mg / kg) every 2 days for 28 days, the ZOL group received applications of zoledronate (100μg / kg) for 7 weeks and lastly the ZOL + OZ group also received applications of zoledronate in the same protocol and was treated with ozone therapy (0.7mg / kg) every 2 days for 28 days. All rats received antibiotic therapy (Cristacilina® 0.1ml / kg per day) starting 3 days before the extraction procedure, extending up to 4 days after the operation, underwent molar extraction in the third week of the experiment and were submitted to euthanasia in the seventh week of experiment. After euthanasia, the mandibles were resected, reduced and prepared for microtomographic analysis (bone characterization of senile bone (MCT0) and after therapy with zoledronate (MCT1ZOL) against its control pair (MCT1SAL), volumetric parameters (Bv, Bv.Tv, Tb .Th, Tb.N, Tb.Sp, Po.Tot) of the experimental groups), histometric (percentage of newly formed bone and percentage of non-vital bone) and immunohistochemistry (expression of TNFa, IL-1b, VEGF, OCN and TRAP) . The results of bone characterization did not show any difference when comparing the experimental groups (P> 0.05), possibly due to the short time elapsed in zoledronate therapy. The other results comparing the experimental groups showed with statistically significant differences (P <0.05) a characteristic of vitreous bone, dense, without vitality, poor in vascularization, with high values for inflammation markers, translating this into a related jaw osteonecrosis with medication, disagreeing mainly with the SAL control group, which showed improvement in alveolar repair and characteristics of a vital and vascularized bone. Ozone therapy (ZOL + OZ, SAL + OZ) showed statistically significant values when compared to the untreated group, translating into an improvement in bone tissue vascularization, a reparational improvement of the alveolus, modulation of local inflammation and the appearance/maintenance of cells active osteoblasts (P <0.05). Showing to be a viable therapy in the control/treatment of osteonecrosis of the jaws related to drugs. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 19/12331-8 - Ozone therapy evaluation in the treatment of zoledronate-induced osteonecrosis in senile rats
Grantee:Leonardo Alan Delanora
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Master