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The home of the \good man\: masculinity, \civilization\ and domesticity in Brazil (1870-1920)

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Author(s):
Pedro Beresin Schleder Ferreira
Total Authors: 1
Document type: Doctoral Thesis
Press: São Paulo.
Institution: Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Faculdade de Arquitetura e Urbanismo (FAU/SBI)
Defense date:
Examining board members:
Ana Lucia Duarte Lanna; Vânia Carneiro de Carvalho; Durval Muniz de Albuquerque Júnior; Heloisa André Pontes; Joana Mello de Carvalho e Silva
Advisor: Ana Lucia Duarte Lanna
Abstract

This study aims to investigate how, between the second half of the 19th century and the beginning of the 20th century, the spread of new standards of masculinity and domesticity in Brazil was linked to a project by the national elites to civilize the Brazilian nation. Seeking to transform the newly independent former colony, which still very much resembled its colonial past, into a civilized, white, urban and industrialized nation, in the image of the European nations they took as their model, the intellectual and political elites problematized the Brazilian population and drew up projects to reform it. In this context, the good man the ideal of a white, virile, moralized, disciplined and civilized man emerged in the imagination of these elites as the great protagonist of this civilizing process, who would be responsible for establishing order and promoting progress in society. Aware that men weren\'t born ready, in order to form good men, the nation\'s educators intellectuals, doctors, politicians, moralists, writers, publishers formulated a project for the moral education of men, which should be carried out through a close link between the public and private spheres. In order to promote the association between the home and the school, between the family and the state, between the individual and society, the nation\'s educators wrote, translated, edited and disseminated texts and books on male prescription, through which they sought to disseminate new standards of virility, manhood, raciality, productivity, discipline and morality. Among the topics covered in the books, family life and bourgeois domesticity were central issues, being analysed, problematized, prescribed and normalized in order to be mobilized to control, discipline and regulate men\'s pleasures, affections, imagination, desires, aspirations, productivity and desires. Through the analysis of these books and texts, we investigated how the nation\'s educators sought to establish a male model and spread bourgeois domesticity in order to guide and order the energies of individuals for the sake of their civilizing project. By analyzing their mechanisms of action and persuasion; of establishing truths; of producing subjectivities and identities and of guiding desires, we sought to make a kind of public history of private life, investigating how, through the norms, articulations and interweavings were built between the civilizing aspirations of the elites, the interests of families and the desires of individuals. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 17/25133-4 - The construction of domestic comfort: daily life, consumption and distinction among the middle sectors of São Paulo (1870-1920)
Grantee:Pedro Beresin Schleder Ferreira
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate